Winning is not everything: Public perceptions of losers and non-voters in South Africa
- 123 Downloads
Which factor – being an electoral loser or being a non-voter – has a greater negative influence on perceptions of democratic institutions in South Africa? Employing four waves of Afrobarometer data, this analysis finds that both negatively correlate with evaluations of democracy and parliament in particular, with weaker results after controlling for demographic and geographic factors. However, little consistency emerges as to which has the greater negative influence on perceptions. Furthermore, disaggregating non-voters finds that those preferring parties that lost have the lowest evaluations overall.
Keywordslosers’ consent non-voters South Africa democratic satisfaction
- Anyangwe, C. (2012) Race and ethnicity: Voters’ party preference in South African elections. International Journal of African Renaissance 7 (2): 38–58.Google Scholar
- Chang, E., Chu, Y.H. and Wu, W.C. (2014) Consenting to lose or expecting to win? Inter-temporal changes in voters’ winner-loser status and satisfaction with democracy. In: J. Thomassen (ed.) Elections and Representative Democracy: Representation and Accountability. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 232–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- City Press (2013) Almost one in four young South Africans won’t vote in 2014 – Survey. City Press 4 July, http://www.citypress.co.za/politics/almost-one-in-four-young-south-africans-wont-vote-in-2014-survey/.
- Dalton, R.J. (1999) Political support in advanced industrial democracies. In: P. Norris (ed.) Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Governance. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Doppelt, J.C. and Shearer, E. (1996) Nonvoters: America’s No-Shows. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Fuchs, D., Guidorossi, G. and Svensson, P. (1995) Support for the democratic system. In: H.D. Klingemann and D. Fuchs (eds.) Citizens and the State. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Independent Electoral Commission of South Africa (2014a) ‘Voter Turnout’. Independent electoral commission of South Africa, http://www.elections.org.za/content/NPEPublicReports/291/Voter%20Turnout/National.pdf, accessed 1 June 2014.
- Independent Electoral Commission of South Africa (2014b) Parties contesting the 2014 national and provincial elections, http://www.elections.org.za/content/Elections/Candidate-lists/Parties-contesting-the-2014-National-and-Provincial-Elections/, accessed 1 June 2014.
- Jou, W. (2009) Political support from election losers in Asian democracies. Taiwan Journal of Democracy 5 (2): 145–175.Google Scholar
- Klingemann, H.D., Hofferbert, R. and Budge, I. (1994) Parties, Policies, and Democracy. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
- Kornberg, A. and Clarke, H.D. (1992) Citizens and Community: Political Support in a Representative Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Lipset, S.M. (1959) Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.Google Scholar
- Merten, M. (2014) Kasrils hits back at ‘gutter’ critics – Politics, IOL News, 24 April, http://www.iol.co.za/news/politics/kasrils-hits-back-at-gutter-critics-1.1679652#.VRrIo5PF_qY.
- Mthembu, J. (2014) ‘ANC rejects vote no campaign’. African National Congress, http://www.anc.org.za/show.php?id=10858, accessed 5 June 2014.
- Pillay, V. (2014) ‘Vote no’, say ANC veterans at campaign launch. The M&G Online 15 April, http://mg.co.za/article/2014-04-15-vote-no-say-anc-veterans-at-campaign-launch/.
- Rich, T. (forthcoming) Assessing losers consent in mixed systems: Public perceptions of Taiwan’s 2008 legislative Yuan election. Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia, in press.Google Scholar
- Saville, M. (2014) Kasrils: ‘Vote no!’ supports ANC’s founding principles. The M&G Online 30 April, http://mg.co.za/article/2014-04-30-kasrils-vote-no-supports-ancs-founding-principles/.
- Shoup, B.D. and Holmes, C.E. (2013) Recrafting the national imaginary and the new ‘vanguardism’. Democratization 21 (5): 1–21.Google Scholar
- South African Institute of Race Relations (SAIRR) (2013) South Africa Survey. Johannesburg, South Africa: South African Institute of Race Relations (SAIRR), p. 864.Google Scholar
- Statistics South Africa (2011) Gross Domestic Product Annual Estimates 2002–2010. Statistical release. Pretoria, http://www.statssa.gov.za/publications/P0441/P04413rdQuarter2011.pdf, accessed 29 November.
- Times LIVE (2014) South Africa election results 2014, 9 May, http://www.timeslive.co.za/politics/2014/05/09/south-africa-election-results-2014.
- Wagner, A.F., DuFour, M. and Schneider, F. (2003) Satisfaction not Guaranteed: Institutions and Satisfaction with Democracy in Western Europe. CESIFO Working Paper No. 910, CESifo Group, Munich.Google Scholar
- Wa Kivilu, M. et al (2005) Survey on South African voter participation in elections. Pretoria: Independent Electoral Commission of South Africa, https://www.elections.org.za/content/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=1161.Google Scholar