Advertisement

Subjectivity

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 275–297 | Cite as

Fantasmatic Transactions: On the Persistence of Apartheid Ideology

  • Derek HookEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Apartheid ideology presents traditional historiography with a series of conundrums: the difficulty of separating historical from subjective agency; the paradoxical status of ideologues who both author ideology and are nonetheless also subject to the spread of its ideas; the issues of the non-material benefits that appear to drive its ideological system. Taking as its starting point J.M. Coetzee's reflections on these issues, this paper builds on his promising intuition of the notion of “fantasmatic rewards” as a crucial explanatory element in understanding the “mind of apartheid”. Crucial in this respect are a number of Lacanian concepts (desire, the Other, fantasy, objet petit a, alienation and separation). Recourse to these notions enables us to provide a series of responses to the above dilemmas of apartheid ideology. Such concepts, moreover, arguably do greater conceptual justice to the inter-implication of the Other and the subject, that is, to the inter-implication of the trans-subjective socio-historical substance and unconscious subjectivity.

Keywords

apartheid ideology desire Other agency fantasy 

References

  1. Bhabha, H. (2004). The Location of Culture. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Coetzee, J.M. (1991). The Mind of Apartheid: Geoffrey Cronjé. Social Dynamics, 17, 1–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dolar, M. (1998). Cogito as the Subject of the Unconscious. In Žižek, S. (ed) Cogito and the Unconscious. Durham NC and London: Duke University Press, pp. 11–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fink, B. (1995). The Lacanian Subject between Language and Jouissance. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Homer, S. (2005). Jacques Lacan. London and New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lacan, J. (1979). The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis. In Miller, J.A. (ed). London: Hogarth Press/Penguin.Google Scholar
  7. Marks, S. and Trapido, S. (1987). The Politics of Race, Class and Nationalism. In Marks, S. and Trapido, S. (eds) The Politics of Race, Class and Nationalism in Twentieth-century South Africa. London: Longmans.Google Scholar
  8. Miller, J.A. (2007). The Sinthome, a Mixture of Symptom and Fantasy. In Voruz, V. and Wolf, B. (eds) The Later Lacan. Albany: State University of New York Press, pp. 55–72.Google Scholar
  9. Rose, J. (1996). Sexuality in the Field of Vision. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  10. Said, E. (1983). The World, the Text and the Critic. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Salecl, R. (1998). (Per)versions of Love and Hate. London and New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  12. Soler, C. (1995). The Subject and the Other (I). In Feldstein, R., Fink, B. and Jaanus, M. (eds) Reading Seminar XI. Albany: State University of New York, pp. 39–44.Google Scholar
  13. Stavrakakis, Y. (2007). The Lacanian Left. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Verhaeghe, P. (1999). Causation and Destitution of a Pre-ontological Non-entity: On the Lacanian Subject. In Nobus, D. (ed) Key Concepts of Lacanian Psychoanalysis. New York: Other Press, pp. 164–189.Google Scholar
  15. Žižek, S. (1989). The Sublime Object of Ideology. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  16. Žižek, S. (1992). Enjoy your Symptom: Jacques Lacan in Hollywood and Out. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Žižek, S. (1996). The Indivisible Remainder: On Schelling and Related Matters. London and New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  18. Žižek, S. (1997). The Plague of Fantasies. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Žižek, S. (2000). The Fragile Absolute, or, Why the Christian Legacy is Worth Fighting for. London and New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  20. Zupančič, A. (2000). Ethics of the Real, Kant, Lacan. London and New York: Verso.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan Ltd 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.London School of Economics and Political Science, Institute of Social PsychologyLondonUK

Personalised recommendations