An evaluation of CCTV in a car park using police and insurance data
- 188 Downloads
A non-monitored closed-circuit television (CCTV) pilot project commenced at the Scott Road Skytrain Station Park and Ride in Surrey, BC in August 2009. The pilot project was implemented by the City of Surrey and scheduled for 1 year. This article reports on an evaluation of the CCTV system with respect to its ability to reduce vehicle-related crime at the pilot site. Using police and insurance data, the evaluation considers the trends of vehicle-related crimes over several years in the City of Surrey and the northern district of the Corporation of Delta, BC. In general, there is little evidence of a significant drop in vehicle-related crime that can be attributed to the CCTV system. Moreover, we show that the results are dependent on the methods used for evaluation; this is critical because we show that a more commonly used method (that we consider inappropriate) indicates a significant drop in vehicle-related crime.
KeywordsCCTV auto crime situational crime prevention
We would like to thank Paul J. Brantingham, Greg Jenion, Colleen Kerr, Lance Talbott, Sgt Tom Thompson and Katie Wuschke for their help and comments on earlier drafts of this article. We would also like to thank the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia and the Transit Police for the provision of data. Lastly, we wish to acknowledge Bonnie Fisher and two anonymous reviewers whose comments have significantly improved the quality of this article.
- Barclay, P., Buckley, J., Brantingham, P.J., Brantingham, P.L. and Whin-Yates, T. (1997) Preventing auto theft in commuter lots: A bike patrol in Vancouver. In: R.V. Clarke (ed.) Situational Crime Prevention: Successful Case Studies, 2nd edn. Guilderland, NY: Harrow and Heston, pp. 143–156.Google Scholar
- BCStats. (2010) Population estimates – Municipalities, regional districts and development regions: 2006 to 2009 [data file], http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/DATA/pop/pop/estspop.asp#totpop, accessed 22 February 2010.
- Brantingham, P.J. and Brantingham, P.L. (2003) Anticipating the displacement of crime using the principles of environmental criminology. Crime Prevention Studies 16: 119–148.Google Scholar
- Castle, A. (2008) Criminal theory lesson #1: Fear, victimization, and the real rates of crime. Why is public perception so different from reported crime rates? (Interview between Allan Castle and Belle Puri aired on Monday, 18 February 2007). CBC special series: Neighbourhood 911 http://www.cbc.ca/bc/features/neighbourhood911/programming.html, accessed 28 March 2007.
- City of Surrey. (2007) City of Surrey Crime Reduction Strategy, http://www.surrey.ca/Inside+City+Hall/Your+Mayor+and+Council/Crime+Reduction+Strategy/default.htm, accessed 28 March 2007.
- City of Surrey. (n.d.) History of Surrey, http://www.surrey.ca/6555.aspx, accessed 22 February 2010.
- CTV News Staff. (2002) Surrey named car theft capital of North America, http://www.ctv.ca/CTVNews/Canada/20020907/bc_car_theft_020907/, accessed 16 March 2012.
- Eck, J.E. (2005) Evaluation for lesson learning. In: N. Tilley (ed.) Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety. Portland, OR: Willan Publishing, pp. 699–733.Google Scholar
- Gill, M., Little, R., Spriggs, A., Allen, J., Argomaniz, J. and Waples, S. (2005) Assessing the Impact of CCTV: The Hawkeye Case Study (Home Office Online Report 12/05). London: Home Office.Google Scholar
- Gill, M. and Spriggs, A. (2005) Assessing the Impact of CCTV (Home Office Research Study No. 292). London: Home Office.Google Scholar
- Kerr, C. and Bottril, D. (2009) Corporate report to mayor and council: Closed circuit television pilot project – Scott Road Skytrain car park, http://www.surrey.ca/bylawsandcouncillibrary/R177-510B.pdf, accessed 10 April 2012.
- Magnan, B. (2008) Statistics disguise true crime levels. The Vancouver Sun, 30 January, http://www.canada.com/vancouversun/news/editorial/story.html?id=1aed0a18-df48-4bcb-a5ca-d2706e1bbf16, accessed 28 March 2010.
- Openshaw, S. (1984) The Modifiable Areal Unit Problem, CATMOG (Concepts and Techniques in Modern Geography) 38. Norwich, UK: Geo Books.Google Scholar
- Pittman, D.J. and Handy, W.F. (1962) Uniform crime reporting: Suggested improvements. Sociology and Social Research 46 (2): 135–143.Google Scholar
- Police Services. (n.d.) British Columbia policing jurisdiction crime trends 1998–2008, http://www.pssg.gov.bc.ca/police_services/publications/statistics/Jurisdictional_Crime_Trends_1999-2008.pdf, accessed 24 March 2010.
- Poyner, B. (1997) Situational crime prevention in two parking facilities. In: R.V. Clarke (ed.) Situational Crime Prevention: Successful Case Studies, 2nd edn. Guilderland, NY: Harrow and Heston, pp. 157–166.Google Scholar
- Sellin, T. (1931) The basis of a crime index. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 22 (3): 335–356.Google Scholar
- Sellin, T. (1957) Crime in the United States. Life Magazine, 43, 09 September.Google Scholar
- Statistics Canada. (2006) Criminal Victimization in Canada, 2004. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.Google Scholar
- Tilley, N. (1993) Understanding Car Parks, Crime and CCTV: Evaluation Lessons from Safer Cities, Crime Prevention Unit Series Paper No. 42. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
- Zyartuk, T. (1994) Scott Road worst for crime. The Surrey Now 12 October: p.1.Google Scholar