Advertisement

Analysing Mechanisms for Evaluating Higher Education Outcomes in China

  • Fei Guo
  • Yan Luo
  • Lu Liu
  • Jinghuan Shi
  • Hamish CoatesEmail author
Original Article
  • 10 Downloads

Abstract

Chinese higher education has been actively developed in recent decades as a major engine of national prosperity. This investment has spurred substantial and growing interest in understanding student and graduate outcomes. After discussing this policy context, the paper deploys an international lens to analyse evaluation mechanisms being used and developed in China. Specific initiatives are discussed to particularise each mechanism and to help link them with international developments. The paper’s final section reviews China’s apparent progress in this field and concludes by considering the growing role of technology in future policy development.

Keywords

policy learning outcomes China education innovation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper is an outcome of the research supported by the Key Project of Philosophy and Social Sciences Research, Ministry of Education, China (Grant No. 17JZD056).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. AACSB. (2018) Accreditation. https://www.aacsb.edu/accreditation. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  2. ABET. (2018) Accreditation. https://www.abet.org/accreditation. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  3. Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER). (2001) Graduate Skills Assessment, Canberra: Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs.Google Scholar
  4. Bao, W., Chen, J. and Wan, T. (2016) ‘The analysis of operating mechanism and efficiency of Project 985: perspectives of international comparison and empirical study’, Fudan Education Forum, 14(3): 11–18.Google Scholar
  5. Borden, V. and Coates, H. (2017) ‘Learning analytics as a counterpart to surveys of student experience’, New Directions for Higher Education, 179: 89–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen, S. (2018) China’s Education and EdTech Market Report, Beijing: JMD Media.Google Scholar
  7. China Academic Degrees and Graduate Education Development Centre (CDGDC). (2018) Overview of the fourth China University Subject Rankings (CUSR). http://www.chinadegrees.cn/xwyyjsjyxx/xkpgjg/2016phden/index.shtml. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  8. China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) (2019) The 43th Internet Development Report. http://www.cnnic.net.cn/hlwfzyj/hlwxzbg/hlwtjbg/201902/P020190318523029756345.pdf. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  9. Coates, H. and Edwards, D. (2011) ‘The Graduate Pathways Survey: new insights on education and employment outcomes five years after completion of a bachelor degree at an Australian university’, Higher Education Quarterly 65(3), 74–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Coates, H. and Mahat, M. (2014) ‘Threshold quality parameters in hybrid higher education’, Higher Education 68(4): 577–590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Coates, H. and Richardson, S. (2012) ‘An international assessment of bachelor degree graduates’ learning outcomes’, Higher Education Management and Policy 23(3): 51–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Coates, H. (2010) ‘Defining and monitoring academic standards in Australian higher education’, Higher Education Management and Policy 22(1): 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Coates, H. (2014) (Ed.) Higher Education Learning Outcomes Assessment, Frankfurt: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  14. Coates, H. (2017) The Market for Learning: Leading transparent higher education, Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Coates, H. (2018a). ‘Postsecondary punters: creating new platforms for higher education success’, in H. Weingarten, M. Hicks and A. Kaufman (eds.) Beyond Enrolment: Measuring Academic Quality, Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Coates, H. (2018b) Next Generation Assessment, Melbourne: Online Education Services.Google Scholar
  17. Dunleavy, P., Margetts, H., Bastow, S. and Tinkler, J. (2005) ‘New public management is dead: long live digital-era governance’, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 16: 467–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Edwards, D. Coates, H. and Westerheijden, D. (2012) Contextual Dimension Framework, Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  19. González, J. and Wagenaar, R. (2008) Universities’ Contribution to the Bologna Process: An introduction, Bilbao: Universidad de Deusto.Google Scholar
  20. Hazelkorn, E., Coates, H. and McCormick, A. (eds.) (2018) Handbook on Quality, Performance and Accountability, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  21. Higher Education Evaluation Centre (HEEC). (2018) The Introduction of the Higher Education Evaluation Center of the Ministry of Education. http://www.heec.edu.cn/en/enAboutHEEC_d.jsp?id=208. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  22. HolonIQ. (2018) Global Education Insights Executive Brief, Sydney: HolonIQ.Google Scholar
  23. Kuh, G. and Jankowski, N. (2018) ‘Assuring high quality learning for all students: the state of the art in the United States’, in E. Hazelkorn, H. Coates and A. McCormick (eds.) Handbook on Quality, Performance and Accountability, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  24. Li, Y. and Shi, J. (2014) ‘The influence of student interaction on college students’ education and education satisfaction’, Education Academic Monthly 8: 71–79.Google Scholar
  25. Liu, O.L., Shaw, A., Gu, L., Li, G., Hu, S., Yu, N., Ma, L., Xu, C., Guo, F., Su, Q., Kardanovaj, E., Chirikov, I., Shi, J., Shi, Z., Wang. H. and Loyalka, P. (2018) ‘Assessing college critical thinking: preliminary results from the Chinese HEIghten® Critical Thinking assessment’, Higher Education Research and Development 37(5): 999–1014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Luo, Y., Ross, H. and Cen, Y.H. (2009) ‘Higher education measurement in the context of globalization-the development of NSSE-China: cultural adaptation, reliability and validity’, Fudan Education Forum 7(5): 12–18.Google Scholar
  27. Ministry of Education (MOE). (2011) Opinions of the Ministry of Education on the Evaluation of Undergraduate Teaching in Ordinary Colleges and Universities. www.moe.edu.cn/srcsite/A08/s7056/201802/t20180208_327120.html. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  28. Ministry of Education (MOE). (2016) Education Action Plan for the Belt and Road Initiative. Beijing. https://eng.yidaiyilu.gov.cn/zchj/qwfb/30277.htm. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  29. Ministry of Education (MOE). (2017) Coordinate Development of World-class Universities and First-class Disciplines Construction Overall Plan. www.gov.cn/xinwen/2017-01/27/content_5163903.htm#allContent. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  30. Ministry of Education (MOE). (2018) Midwest Higher Education Revitalization Plan. www.moe.gov.cn/s78/A08/A08_ztzl/s7394. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  31. Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST). (2018) Statistical Analysis of China’s Universities. www.most.gov.cn/kjtj.
  32. MyCOS. (2016) China University Student Employment Report 2016. www.eol.cn/html/c/16dxsjybg. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  33. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2017) Education at a Glance 2017: OECD Indicators, Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
  34. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2019) Enhancing Higher Education System Performance: Benchmarking higher education system performance. https://www.oecd.org/education/skills-beyond-school/benchmarking-higher-education-systems-performance.htm. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  35. Pascarella, E.T., and Terenzini, P.T. (1991) How College Affects Students: Findings and Insights from Twenty Years of Research, San Francisco: Jossey Bass.Google Scholar
  36. Richardson, S. and Coates, H. (2014) ‘Essential foundations for establishing equivalence in cross-national higher education assessment’, Higher Education 68(6): 825–836.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ross, H., Luo, Y. and Cen, Y. (2008). ‘Comparison of Tsinghua university and American universities in learning process indicators: a view of higher education quality’. Tsinghua University Education Research 29(2): 45–46.Google Scholar
  38. Shanghai Ranking. (2018) Academic Ranking of World Universities. www.shanghairanking.com/index.html. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  39. Shen, H. and Zhang, Q. G. (2017) ‘The level of students’ capacities and higher education value-added in China-based on the ‘2016 national assessment of collegiate capacity’, Journal of Higher Education 38(11): 70–78.Google Scholar
  40. Shi, J. and Coates, H. (2018) ‘Constructing higher education evaluation systems for the global era’, International Journal of Chinese Education 7(2): 175–180.Google Scholar
  41. Shi, J. (2017) Research on the Reform of China’s University Evaluation System Under the Background of ‘Double First Class’ Construction, Beijing: Tsinghua University.Google Scholar
  42. Shi, J. H., Luo, Y., Wen, W. and Guo, F. (2018) ‘Governing the quality in a transforming higher education system: the case of China’, in E. Hazelkorn, H. Coates, A. McCormick (eds.) Research Handbook on Quality, Performance and Accountability in Higher Education, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  43. Shi, J. H., Tu, D.B., Wang, S., Lv, Z., Xie, M. and Zhao, L. (2011) ‘Annual report of national college education survey 2009’, Tsinghua Journal of Education 32(4): 9–23.Google Scholar
  44. State Council of the People’s Republic of China (State Council). (2010) National Medium- and Long-term Talent Development Plan (20102020). http://old.moe.gov.cn/publicfiles/business/htmlfiles/moe/info_list/201407/xxgk_171904.html. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  45. State Council of the People’s Republic of China (State Council). (2015a) The Overall Plan for Promoting the Construction of World-class Universities and Disciplines. www.gov.cn/xinwen/2015-11/05/content_5005001.htm. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  46. State Council of the People’s Republic of China (State Council). (2015b) The Opening of the 15th Meeting of the Leading Group of the Central Committee on Comprehensive Deepening Reform. www.gov.cn/xinwen/2015-08/18/content_2915043.htm. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  47. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). (2015) Online, Open and Flexible Higher Education for the Future We Want. https://iite.unesco.org/files/news/639206/Paris%20Message%2013%2007%202015%20Final.pdf. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  48. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). (2019) Global Education Monitoring Report. https://en.unesco.org/gem-report/. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  49. Van Damme, D. (2019) ‘Convergence and divergence in the global higher education system. The conflict between qualifications and skills’, International Journal of Chinese Education 8(1): 7–24.Google Scholar
  50. Wagenaar, R. (2014) ‘Competences and learning outcomes: a panacea for understanding the (new) role of higher education?’, Tuning Journal for Higher Education 1(2): 273–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Wang, Y., Xiao, H. and Xu, Y. (2017) ‘A study on the performance evaluation model for online learning based on mobile internet’, China Electrifying Education 3:132–137.Google Scholar
  52. Wei, J. (2017) China’s Leading Position in the Field of Artificial Intelligence: Will Become a Global Leader. www.cankaoxiaoxi.com/china/20170829/2225500.shtml. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  53. World Bank. (2019) Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER). http://saber.worldbank.org/index.cfm. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  54. XuetangX. (2018) About Us. www.xuetangx.com/about#about_us. Accessed 4 Jan 2019.
  55. Yue, C. J., Wen, D. and Ding, X. (2004) ‘Job hunting and initial salary: an empirical analysis of the employment competitiveness of university graduates’, Management World 11: 53–61.Google Scholar
  56. Zhang, L. and Wen, W. (2018) ‘A study on the influencing factors of international youth literacy-taking the entrance survey of a research university as an example’, Journal of East China Normal University 36(4): 44–52.Google Scholar
  57. Zhao, T., Yang, Y., Liu, O. and Mao, L. (2015) ‘A new approach to evaluate college student learning outcomes: pilot test report of EPP’, Critical Thinking. Educational Research 36(9): 64–71.Google Scholar
  58. Zhong, Z., Liu, L., Coates, H. and Kuh, G. (2019) ‘What the U.S. (and rest of the world) should know about higher education in China’, Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning (in press). Google Scholar
  59. Zhou, L. and Yue, C. (2017) ‘Research on graduates’ inter-industry wage differentials towards new normal economy: an empirical analysis based on the survey data (2009–2015) of the graduates of Chinese higher education institutions’, Education and Economy 33(6): 51–59.Google Scholar
  60. Zlatkin-Troitschanskaia, O., Pant, H.A. and Coates, H. (2017) Assessing Student Learning Outcomes in Higher Education: Challenges and International Perspectives, Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Association of Universities 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fei Guo
    • 1
  • Yan Luo
    • 1
  • Lu Liu
    • 1
  • Jinghuan Shi
    • 1
  • Hamish Coates
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of EducationTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations