What characteristics affect early voting? The case of Sweden

  • John HögströmEmail author


In this study, I examine what characteristics affect early voting in Sweden, and a large-N study of all of Sweden’s 290 municipalities for the four most recent elections is conducted. The results show that the level of early voting is higher in municipalities where the average income is higher; where the level of older people is higher; where the level of the electorate born abroad is higher; in rural municipalities; and in municipalities where the number of early voting sites per one thousand eligible voters is higher. If the goal of the municipalities is to increase early voting, any policy recommendation that is based on the results of this study should ensure that there are numerous early voting sites in the municipalities and if there are not, the municipalities should consider increasing the number of early voting sites they provide.


Elections Electoral behaviour Voting behaviour 



This study was not founded by any grant.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© European Consortium for Political Research 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesMid Sweden UniversityÖstersundSweden

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