Two competing ideological approaches have emerged in African wildlife conservation: an exclusionary approach that is aligned with the, mostly Western, animal protection movement; and the inclusive human rights-based approach of many African governments, which reflects the opinions and rights of their citizens. The emergence of social media as a campaign tool used by animal protection organizations reduces the ability of rural African citizens to engage with policy processes affecting their rights and strengthens the ability of misinformed western citizens to assume this role.
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Madzwamuse, M., Rihoy, E. & Louis, M. Contested Conservation: Implications for Rights, Democratization, and Citizenship in Southern Africa. Development (2020) doi:10.1057/s41301-020-00237-1
- Inclusive conservation
- Social media
- Animal protection
- Natural resources