Crime and crime prevention in an Australian growth centre
Drawing on a case study of a growth centre on the fringe of Australia’s most populous city, Sydney, this article considers some of the potential crime generating consequences of urban sprawl and the associated challenges of planning for crime prevention. Significant population growth residing in predominantly detached houses on the urban fringe will potentially increase opportunities for crime. Empty completed dwellings prior to occupation; lengthy commuting to employment for new residents; financial pressures associated with ‘mortgage stress’; and growing numbers of young people are some of the potential crime generators in the area. Through this case study, we illustrate some of the complexities of large-scale, peri-urban, residential development and the challenges of embedding crime prevention during this period of rapid and sustained population growth.
KeywordsCrime prevention Urban sprawl Rapid population growth Mortgage stress Commuting Urban planning
This research has been made possible through an initial grant from the Legal Scholarship Support Fund (Sydney Law School, University of Sydney). Further work is aided through a grant from the Henry Halloran Trust. Thanks are extended to staff working in the Camden LGA who provided advice and support for this project.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2013. Homes owned with a mortgage in local government areas. http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/1376.0main+features3002013 Accessed 5 April 2016.
- Bernasco, W., and P. Nieuwbeerta. 2005. How do Residential burglars select target areas? British Journal of Criminology 43 (3): 296–315.Google Scholar
- Boba, R., and Santos, R. 2006. Burglary at single-family house construction sites. Office of community oriented policing services, US Department of Justice, Washington, DC, Problem-oriented guides for police problem specific Guides series No. 43, pp. 1–74.Google Scholar
- Brantingham, P.L., and P.J. Brantingham. 1984. Patterns in crime. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.Google Scholar
- Burgess, E. 1925. The growth of the city: An introduction to a research project. In The city: Suggestions for investigation of human behavior in the urban environment, ed. R. Park, and E. Burgess. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Camden Council. 2008. Camden residential strategy 2008, http://www.camden.nsw.gov.au/assets/pdf/Council/PublicationsPlansAndPolicies/camden_residential_strategy_final_april_2009.pdf. Accessed 5 April 2016.
- Camden Council. 2011. Development control plans, http://www.camden.nsw.gov.au/development/plans-and-policies/development-control-plans/. Accessed 5 April 2016.
- Camden Council. 2013. Children and families in the Camden LGA, http://www.camden.nsw.gov.au/assets/pdf/Community/Support/2014/ChildrenAndFamilies/children_and_families_snapshot_2013.pdf. Accessed 18 April 2016.
- Camden Council. 2015. Camden Council Still Growing, http://www.camden.nsw.gov.au/assets/pdf/Community/FacilitiesAndServices/Still-Growing-2015.pdf. Accessed 5 April 2016.
- Carcach, C. 2000. Regional development and crime. Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice 160: 1–7.Google Scholar
- Clancey, G., and R. Lulham. 2014. The New South Wales property crime decline. Current Issues in Criminal Justice. 25 (3): 839–851.Google Scholar
- Clarke, R.V. 1999. Hot products. Police Research Series. Paper 112. London: Home Office.Google Scholar
- Department of Planning and Environment (2014) A Plan for Growing Sydney, http://www.rdasydney.org.au/A-Plan-For-Growing-Sydney-WEB.pdf, Accessed 4 April, 2016.
- Farrington, D. 1996. Understanding and preventing youth crime. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
- Fitzgerald, J., and Poynton, S. 2011. The changing nature of objects stolen in household Burglaries. Crime and Justice Statistics Bureau Brief, New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, Issue Paper No, 62, pp. 1–12.Google Scholar
- forecast.id. (n.d. a) Welcome to Camden Council population forecasts, http://forecast.id.com.au/camden. Accessed 5 April 2016.
- forecast.id. (n.d. b). Camden Council: Population, households and dwellings, http://forecast.id.com.au/camden/population-households-dwellings. Accessed 5 April 2016.
- forecast.id. (n.d. c). Camden Council: Population and age structure, http://forecast.id.com.au/camden/population-age-structure. Accessed 5 April 2016.
- Freudenburg, W., and R. Jones. 1991. Criminal behaviour and rapid community growth: examining the evidence. Rural Sociology 56 (1): 619–645.Google Scholar
- Hill PDA. 2013. Employment prospects for South West Sydney, http://www.macroc.nsw.gov.au/articles/articlefiles/224-C13231%20-%20MACROC%20Employment%20Prospects%20for%20South%20West%20Sydney%2020%20June%202013%20FINAL%20REPORT.pdf. Accessed 1 October 2015.
- .id. 2011. Camden Council Area: Residents’ Place of Work, http://profile.id.com.au/camden/residents. Accessed 4 April 2016.
- .id. 2014a. Camden Council Area: Housing Loan Repayments, http://profile.id.com.au/cws/housing-loan?WebID=140. Accessed 18 April 2016.
- .id. 2014b. Camden Council: Population and Household Forecasts 2011 to 2036. http://forecast.id.com.au/camden. Accessed 18 April 2016.
- .id. 2014c. Camden Council: Economic key findings report, http://www.camden.nsw.gov.au/assets/pdf/Council/FormsAndPublications/2014/FINAL-Camden-economic-report-final-November-2014.pdf. Accessed 1 October 2015.
- Mayhew, H. 1862. London’s Underworld. London: Spring Books.Google Scholar
- Mayhew, P., Clarke, R., Sturman, R., and Hough, M. 1976. Crime as Opportunity, Home Office Research Study No. 34. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
- Nelson, P. 2015. Violent and property crime trends: local and international comparisons, NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research Brief No. 109. Sydney: BOCSAR.Google Scholar
- Poyner, B. 2006. Crime-free housing in the 21st century. London: Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science.Google Scholar
- Sakurai, Y., Mayhew, P., White. M. 2008. Theft and vandalism at residential building sites in Australia. Australian Institute of Criminology, Technical and Background Paper No. 29. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.Google Scholar
- Sampson, R., and J. Laub. 1993. Crime in the making: Pathways and turning points through life. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Shaw, C., and H. McKay. 1942. Juvenile delinquency and urban areas. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
- Shaw, C., and H. McKay. 1969. Juvenile delinquency and urban areas, Revised ed. Chicago: Chicago University Press.Google Scholar
- Sigley, G. 2013. Urban community policing in post-Deng China. In Policing cities: Urban securitisation and regulation in a twenty-first century world, ed. R. Lippert, and K. Walby. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Smith, N., and D. Weatherburn. 2013. Personal stress, financial stress, social support and women’s experience of physical violence: A longitudinal analysis. Contemporary issues in crime and justice. New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, Bulletin 168: 1–19.Google Scholar
- Stollard, P. (ed.). 1991. Crime prevention through housing design. London: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
- Weatherburn, D. 2011. Personal stress, financial stress and violence against women. Contemporary Issues in Crime and Justice. NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, Bulletin 151, pp. 1–12.Google Scholar
- Weatherburn, D., Freeman, K., and Holmes, J. 2014. Young but not so restless: Trends in the age-specific rate of offending. Crime and Justice Statistics. NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research Issue Paper No. 98, pp. 1–8.Google Scholar
- Weatherburn, D., and Holmes, J. 2013a. The decline in robbery and theft: Inter-state comparisons. Crime and Justice Statistics: Bureau Brief, Issue Paper No. 89. Sydney: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research.Google Scholar
- Weatherburn, D., and Holmes, J. 2013b. The great property crime drop: A regional analysis. Crime and Justice Statistics, Bureau Brief, Issue Paper no. 88. Sydney: NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research.Google Scholar