When are technocratic cabinets formed?
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This article provides first systematic quantitative insights into the patterns of the occurrence of technocratic cabinets (TCs) in all European countries. Using an original dataset, we identify the broad structural factors and the immediate political conditions that increase the probability that TCs, as opposed to partisan cabinets, are formed. The dataset covers all the 53 TCs in 36 European countries in years 1989–2015 and a random sample of 104 political cabinets in the same period. We find that TCs are more likely to occur in political systems not trusted by the citizens and in systems with poor economic performance. TCs are also systematically more likely to occur when the previous cabinet was dismissed by the president or when it fell due to a political scandal. Contrary to our initial expectations, TCs appear to be more likely in countries with institutionally weaker presidents, other things equal.
KeywordsTechnocratic cabinets Cabinet formation Corruption Economic performance Party system fractionalization Presidents
Miloš Brunclík would like to acknowledge the support from the Charles University Research Development Scheme “Progres”, programme Q17—Social Sciences: from multi-disciplinarity to interdisciplinarity. Michal Parízek would like to acknowledge the support from the Czech Science Foundation Grant 17-10543S “Global bureaucracy: The politics of international organizations staffing”.
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