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BioSocieties

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 393–415 | Cite as

Living and labouring soils: Metagenomic ecology and a new agricultural revolution?

  • Céline GranjouEmail author
  • Catherine Phillips
Original Article

Abstract

Soils teem with life, yet only in the last two decades have genomic approaches begun to reveal the secret liveliness of soil. No longer understood as ‘abiotic’, soil has become a dense genetic web entangling various forms of life, the majority of which remain unidentified. This paper focuses on the growing hopes to identify, categorise, and harness soil liveliness as it emerges from ongoing scientific research at the juncture of soil ecology, molecular biology, and agricultural development. Drawing upon fieldwork interviews and observations with social ecologists in France, we demonstrate how the advancement of soil metagenomics fosters new conceptions of soil as both ‘living’ and ‘labouring’. With these refigurations of soil, soil ecologists anticipate a new agro-ecological revolution in which agrochemicals will be replaced (or at least reduced) through farmers’ future employment of biota for soil services. We argue that new understandings of soil as lively and labouring are not only transforming in the sense of fostering a hoped-for agro-ecological transition, but that insights into how underground realms are becoming understood offer new ways into thinking through more-than-human biopolitics and (agricultural) bioeconomies.

Keywords

Soil Soil liveliness Microbe ecology Metagenomics Biopolitics Agricultural development 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by funding to Céline Granjou from LABEX ITEM (AlpSoil 2016–2018) and from the French National Agency for Research (PANBioptique 2009–2013). We thank the leaders of Labex ITEM for their generosity and open-mindedness. We offer our gratitude to the interviewees for their time and interest in social studies of soil science and technology: without them this research would have not been possible.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University Grenoble Alps IRSTEAGrenobleFrance
  2. 2.Pacte, U. Grenoble AlpsGrenobleFrance
  3. 3.LISIS Interdisciplinary Laboratory on Science, Innovation and SocietyU. Paris Est Marne la ValléeParisFrance
  4. 4.School of GeographyUniversity of MelbourneCarltonAustralia

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