Research on long-term care insurance: status quo and directions for future research

  • Martin ElingEmail author
  • Omid Ghavibazoo


We provide a structured literature review of long-term care (LTC) insurance using main path analysis, a mathematical tool to identify the most significant paths in a citation network. We identify three major research areas (financing, demand, and insurability) and systematically evaluate them based on standard frameworks. We further review established and innovative (insurance) solutions for LTC financing. Our results illustrate the immense difficulties of insuring LTC both on the demand side (e.g., low value of consumption while in care, existence of substitutes) and supply side (e.g., lack of predictability and asymmetric information), explaining the marginal contribution of insurance mechanisms to LTC financing. Combined products that bundle the risks, and public–private partnerships that integrate LTC into the pension systems might help to overcome the insurability limitations. In addition, alternative financing methods that go beyond the idea of risk pooling (LTC bond, LTC put option, equity release) could help to improve the sustainability of LTC financing.


Long-term care Long-term care insurance Main path analysis Citation network Demand Financing Insurability Literature survey 


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© The Geneva Association 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Insurance EconomicsUniversity of St. GallenSt. GallenSwitzerland

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