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Quality Improvement in African Food Supply Chains: Determinants of Farmer Performance

  • Delelegne Abera Tefera
  • Jos BijmanEmail author
  • Maja Slingerland
  • Gerben van der Velde
  • Onno Omta
Original Article
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

The integration of smallholders in modern value chains in sub-Saharan Africa is an important pathway for improving income and farmer livelihoods. Connected to demographic shifts, rapid urbanization, and the emergence of a middle class, there is a demand for higher product quality. In order to access these modern markets, smallholders need to enhance the quality of their products. However, factors that determine smallholders’ decision to invest in quality upgrading are not well understood. Using cross-sectional data from the Ethiopian barley sector, we analyse the factors that explain smallholders’ decision to improve quality. We find that socioeconomic, institutional and market factors affect the decision to improve quality. Our study contributes to the understanding of the determinants of quality upgrading at the micro-level of the economics of quality production, and thus of rural development.

Keywords

Quality-upgrading Economics of quality Institutional arrangement Smallholders Malt barley Ethiopia 

résumé

L’intégration des petits exploitants dans les chaînes de valeur modernes en Afrique subsaharienne est un moyen important d’améliorer les revenus et les moyens de subsistance des agriculteurs. Liée aux changements démographiques, à l’urbanisation galopante et à l’émergence d’une classe moyenne, il existe une demande pour une qualité de produit supérieure. Les petits exploitants doivent améliorer la qualité de leurs produits pour accéder aux marchés alimentaires modernes, mais les facteurs qui déterminent leur décision d’investir dans l’amélioration de la qualité ne sont pas bien compris. À l’aide de données transversales issues de la chaîne de valeur de l’orge malté éthiopienne, nous analysons les facteurs qui expliquent la décision des petits exploitants d’améliorer la qualité. Nous développons également un nouveau cadre conceptuel pour étudier l’amélioration de la qualité au niveau de la ferme. Nos résultats montrent que les facteurs socioéconomiques, institutionnels et commerciaux influent sur la décision du petit exploitant d'améliorer la qualité du produit. Les résultats ont un certain nombre de conséquences politiques.

Notes

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Copyright information

© European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Delelegne Abera Tefera
    • 3
  • Jos Bijman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maja Slingerland
    • 2
  • Gerben van der Velde
    • 3
  • Onno Omta
    • 1
  1. 1.Business Management & Organisation GroupWageningen University and ResearchWageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Plant Production Systems GroupWageningen Universiteit and ResearchWageningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Hawassa UniversityHawassaEthiopia

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