Determining the influential factors of dry port operations: worldwide experiences and empirical evidence from Malaysia
- 208 Downloads
The introduction of dry ports to transport networks facilitates trade, allows containers to be distributed between transport modes and ensures optimal use of networks. However, dry ports face several challenges, which have a significant impact on their operations, often reducing the benefits from developing dry ports in national or regional freight transport systems. In this regard, this paper investigates the influential factors of dry port operations. We firstly identify five categories of influencing factors and their respective sub-factors. Subsequently, we conduct an empirical study through a web-based survey of Malaysian dry port stakeholders. Multiple regression is employed for data analysis. Findings suggest 12 factors of significant importance to Malaysian dry port operations, including the need for sufficient information sharing; accurate freight forecasting, customs clearance, value-added services, adequate highway infrastructure; existence of appropriate operational equipment and sufficient space for current and future container storage; implementation of public–private partnerships; impact of seaport and short sea shipping policy; road connectivity and the location itself of dry ports. The paper is expected to be of managerial value to dry port operators, when developing strategies to enhance operational efficiency.
KeywordsMalaysia Dry ports Container seaports Port competitiveness Seaport systems
- Beresford, A.K.C., and R.C. Dubey. 1990. Handbook on the management and operation of dry ports. Geneva: United Nation.Google Scholar
- Bergqvist, R., J. Woxenius, and G. Falkemark. 2010. Establishing intermodal terminal. Transportation Research 3: 285–302.Google Scholar
- Black, J., T. Kyu, V. Roso, and K. Tara. 2013. Critical evaluation of Mandalay dry port, Myanmar. 5th International Conference on Logistics and Transport 2013 (ICLT 2013) “Sustainable Supply Chain Management in Asia Pacific”, November 5–8, 2013. Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan. 107–114.Google Scholar
- Bowerman, B.L., and R.T. O’Connell. 1990. Linear statistical models: An applied approach, 2nd ed. Belmont, CA: Duxbury.Google Scholar
- Bruce, L., C. Miiler, O. Libby, and B. Ritchey. 2013. Observation on the potential for dry ports terminal developments in United States, England, 124–166, Ashgate.Google Scholar
- Cetin, C. K. and A. G. Cerit. 2009. Organisational change of seaports: Impact on effectiveness. Annual conference of International Association of maritime economics (IAME), 24–26 June Copenhagen, Denmark.Google Scholar
- Chen, S. L., J. Jeevan and S. Cahoon. 2015. Hinterland connectivity of Malaysian container seaports: Challenges and solutions’. In proceedings of the global integration of economies and connectivity development in collaboration with Asian Logistics Round Table (ALRT), August 31–September 1, 2015, Soochow University Taipei, Taiwan.Google Scholar
- Cullinane, K.P., and G. Wilmsmeier. 2011. The contribution of the dry port concept to the extension of port life cycles, in handbook of terminal planning. New York: Operations Research Computer Science interfaces series.Google Scholar
- Doust, K., and J. Black. 2009. A holistic assessment framework for urban development and transportation with innovative triple bottom line sustainability metrics—an International Perspective. MIT Journal of Planning 9: 10–27.Google Scholar
- DuBrin, A.J. 2003. Essentials of Management. Peterborough, Ontario: Thomson South-Western.Google Scholar
- Eric, L.M., P.S. Gabriel and J. Ricardo. 2013. Potential for logistics zones development: Chile as a case study England, 233–249. Farnham: Ashgate publishing company.Google Scholar
- FDT. 2007. Feasibility study on the network operation of hinterland hubs (Dry Port Concept) to improve and modernize ports’ connections to the hinterland and to improve networking, 21–64. Netherlands: Integrating Logistics Center Networks in The Baltic Sea Region (INLOC).Google Scholar
- Frost, J.D. 2010. The “close” dry port concept and the Canadian context. Journal of Maritime Economics & Logistics 10: 108–129.Google Scholar
- Garnwa, P., A. Beresford, and S. Petit. 2009. Dry ports: A comparative study of the UK and Nigeria. United Nation: UNESCAP Transport and Communications Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific.Google Scholar
- Gujar, G. and V.V Thai. 2013. Measurement of container security at dry ports. International Forum on Shipping, Ports and Airports (IFSPA) 2013: Trade, Supply Chain Activities and Transport: Contemporary Logistics and Maritime Issues.Google Scholar
- Hanaoka, S., and M.B. Regmi. 2011. Promoting intermodal freight transport through the development of dry ports in Asia: An environmental perspective. Journal of International Association of Traffic and Safety Science 35: 16–23.Google Scholar
- Humphries, A.M. 2004. Growth Triangle of South East Asia. In Indonesia—Malaysia—Singapore Growth Triangle, ed. A. Duffy. Australia: East Asia Analytical Unit.Google Scholar
- ICT. (2015) Ipoh Cargo Terminal: Port and value added services. http://www.ictipoh.com.my/. Accessed 18 April 2015.
- Iskandar, M. and S. Ibrahim. 2010. Supply chain management and E-commerce technology adoption among logistics service providers in Malaysia. Proceedings of World Academy of Science Engineering and Technology, Paris, France.Google Scholar
- Jarzemskis, A., and V. Vailiauskas. 2007. Research on dry port concept as intermodal node. Journal of Transportation Economics 22: 207–213.Google Scholar
- MOT. 2015. Ministry of Transportation, Malaysia. http://www.mot.gov.my/en/Statistics/Pages/Maritime.aspx. Accessed 5 May 2015.
- Nazery, K. 2007. Port privatization in the context of a developing nation: The Malaysian experience.” Restructuring of Indian ports: reforms and challenges. Hyderabad, India The Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India.Google Scholar
- NCIA. 2011. Northern Corridor Implementation Authority Putrajaya Malaysia: Prime Minister Department, Malaysia.Google Scholar
- Nguyen, D.V.H. 2014. The development of dry ports in Vietnam. Vietnam: International Cooperation Department.Google Scholar
- PWD. 2014 Public Work Department. Malaysian Highway Authority http://www.kkr.gov.my/ms/node/118. Accessed 16 September 2014.
- Rodrigue, J.P., C. Comtois, and B. Slack. 2006. The geography of transport systems. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Rosa, A. and R. Roscelli. 2009. Development of dry ports. Transport and Communications Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific. New York: United Nation.Google Scholar
- Roso, V. and K. Lumsden. 2009. The dry port concept: Moving seaport activities inland? Transport and Communications Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific. New York: United Nation.Google Scholar
- SAN Antonio PORT. 2014. Chilean port system. Dresdner Kleinwort Benson: South Andes Ltd.Google Scholar
- SIP. (2015) Segamat Inland Port: Products and services. http://transportation.zibb.com/profile/segamat+inland+port+sdn+bhd/my/johor/segamat/85000/26338785. Accessed 18 April 2015.
- Sukdanot, S., J. Rudjanakanoknad and W. Suksirivoraboot. 2013. Development of Thai International Ports inaccordance with ASEAN Economic Community Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 2013 Taipei.Google Scholar
- Trainaviciute, L. 2009. The dry port: Concept and perspectives. In: Bentzen, K., Laugesen, & Caruso., A. (eds.). Denmark: Association of Danish Transport and Logistics Centres.Google Scholar
- UNESCAP. 2006. Logistics sector developments: Planning models for enterprises and logistics clusters.. United Nation Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific New York: United Nation.Google Scholar
- UNESCAP. 2008. Improvement of transport and logistics facilities to expand port hinterlands: policy guidelines. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
- UNESCAP. 2009. Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific: New York, United States.Google Scholar
- UNESCAP. 2010. The development of dry ports along the Asian Highway and Trans-Asian Railway networks. New York: United Nation Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.Google Scholar
- UNESCAP. 2015. Singapore-Kunming rail link, http://www.unescap.org/resources/session-1-operationalizing-international-railway-transport-corridors. Accessed 3 May 2015.
- Valautham, A. 2007. Container Transportation by Railways. Transport and Communications Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific: The development of container landbridge train services between Malaysia and Thailand.Google Scholar
- Viser, J., R. Konings, B.J. Pielage, and B. Wiegmans. 2009. A new hinterland transport concept for the port Rotterdam: Organisational or technological challenges? Journal of Transportation Research 4: 201–216.Google Scholar
- Woxenius, J., and R. Bergqvist. 2010. Hinterland Transport by train: Comparing the Scandinavian conditions for maritime Containers and semi-trailers. Journal of Transport Geography 8: 125–136.Google Scholar
- Woxenius, J., V. Roso, and K. Lumsden. 2004. The dry port concept–connecting seaports with their hinterland by rail. ICLSP Conference Proceedings, 22–26 September 2004. Dalian: Department of Transportation and Logistics Chalmers University of Technology, 305–319.Google Scholar
- Zou, Y. 2009. Discussion on dry ports development in China. Journal of Water Transportation Management 12: 18–24.Google Scholar