Latino Studies

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 484–504 | Cite as

Transiciones e Incertidumbres: Migration from El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala

  • Denise N. ObinnaEmail author
Original Article


El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras account for some of the most consequential migration streams in the Western Hemisphere. They are some of the largest contributors to Latino migration in the United States. Fleeing political persecution, gang violence, poverty and natural disasters, migrants are often desperate for social and economic stability. As migration from the region continues, legislation in the United States has grown more punitive and unforgiving. Amid hardline stances taken by the Trump administration, the revocation of temporary protected status and denials of asylum, this essay evaluates the complicated emigration from these three countries. It also evaluates the role of Mexico as a country of transit migration and settlement. Using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (5-year estimates) and the Atlas of Rural and Small-Town America, this work also evaluates the settlement patterns of migrants as they settle in the United States.


Central America El Salvador Honduras Guatemala Immigration Asylum seekers 

Transiciones e incertidumbres: La emigración de El Salvador, Honduras y Guatemala


Las olas migratorias que salen de El Salvador, Guatemala y Honduras están entre las más significativas del hemisferio occidental. Estos países se incluyen entre los mayores aportadores a la inmigración latina en los Estados Unidos. Sus emigrantes, que huyen de la persecución política, la violencia de pandillas, la pobreza y los desastres naturales, suelen estar desesperados por obtener una estabilidad social y económica. A medida que continúa la migración de esta región a los Estados Unidos, las leyes de este país se han vuelto más punitivas e implacables. En el marco de las posturas rígidas de la administración de Trump, la revocación del estatus de protección temporal (TPS) y las negaciones de asilo, este ensayo evalúa la complicada emigración de estos tres países. Además, examinamos el papel de México como país de migración en tránsito y asentamiento. Partiendo de los datos de la Encuesta sobre la Comunidad Estadounidense (American Community Survey) de 2016 y el Atlas Rural y de Pequeños Pueblos de EE.UU. (Atlas of Rural and Small-Town America), también evaluamos los patrones de asentamiento de estos inmigrantes en los Estados Unidos.

Palabras Clave

Centroamérica El Salvador Honduras Guatemala Inmigración Solicitante de asilo 



The author would like to thank the editor and the peer reviewers for all their helpful comments and feedback on previous drafts of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mount St. Mary’s UniversityEmmitsburgUSA

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