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The double-edged blade of transnational citizenship: Mexican migrants’ views of the Peña Nieto administration

  • Adrián FélixEmail author
Original Article
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

Studies of political transnationalism have focused on the rapprochement and increased attention that the Mexican state has directed at the Mexican diaspora in the United States (see Iskander in Creative state: forty years of migration and development policy in Morocco and Mexico, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 2010; Délano in Mexico and its diaspora in the United States: policies of emigration since 1848, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2011). In the context of the slow and painful democratic transition in Mexican politics, scholars and state actors have speculated that Mexican migrants in the United States are politically up for grabs, with no clear preference for any one particular Mexican party. Following the dubious return to power of the formerly hegemonic Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) from 2012 to 2018, this essay tracks Mexican migrants’ views of the Peña Nieto administration using original public opinion survey data. Focusing on two of the flashpoints of the outgoing presidential administration in Mexico—namely the energy sector reforms and the case of the disappeared students from Ayotzinapa—this essay asks, how do Mexican migrants in the United States view the political performance of the Peña Nieto administration? Drawing on unpublished survey data tracing US-based Mexican migrants’ political assessment of the recently defeated PRI administration—from its ominous political ascension to its handling of structural reforms and egregious human rights crises—this essay argues that Mexican migrants’ views of the Peña Nieto administration were transnationally tinged by blood and oil.

Keywords

Migration Transnationalism Neoliberalism Political violence Structural reforms 

La ciudadanía transnacional como arma política de doble filo: Las opiniones de los inmigrantes mexicanos sobre la administración de Peña Nieto

Resúmen

Los estudios sobre el transnacionalismo político se han centrado en el acercamiento reconciliatorio y la mayor atención que el estado mexicano ha dirigido a la diáspora mexicana en los Estados Unidos (véase Iskander 2010; Délano 2011). En el contexto de la lenta y dolorosa transición democrática de la política mexicana, académicos y funcionarios del estado han especulado que los inmigrantes mexicanos en los Estados Unidos están disponibles para cualquier tendencia política y que no tienen una preferencia clara por un partido mexicano en particular. Después del dudoso regreso al poder del anteriormente hegemónico Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) de 2012 a 2018, este ensayo observa las opiniones de los inmigrantes mexicanos respecto la administración de Peña Nieto usando datos originales de encuestas de opinión pública. Este ensayo se enfoca en dos de los puntos álgidos de la administración presidencial saliente de México—las reformas al sector energético y el caso de los estudiantes desaparecidos de Ayotzinapa—para analizar cómo los inmigrantes mexicanos en los Estados Unidos ven el desempeño político de la administración de Peña Nieto. Partiendo de datos de encuestas inéditas que siguen la evaluación política de la recién derrotada administración del PRI por parte de los inmigrantes mexicanos en los Estados Unidos—desde su oscuro ascenso político hasta su gestión en las reformas estructurales y las atroces crisis de derechos humanos—este ensayo plantea que las opiniones de los inmigrantes mexicanos sobre la administración de Peña Nieto fueron matizadas transnacionalmente por la sangre y el petróleo.

Palabras clave

Migración transnacionalismo neoliberalismo violencia política reformas estructurales 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

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