Prevalence of ‘Mother/Infant Friendly Worksite Designations’ and state laws regulating workplace breastfeeding support in the United States
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Human milk is the normative infant feeding standard. Yet breastfeeding rates in the United States are suboptimal as many women discontinue breastfeeding upon return to work. As a result, the Unites States Congress included the Break time for Nursing Mothers law in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA). The law mandates that employers provide break time and a private space for employees to express breastmilk. This federal legislation does not cover all employees. The purpose of this project was to identify state legislation and Mother/Infant Friendly Worksite Designations (MIFWD) that provide additional protections to working, breastfeeding mothers. We reviewed websites from the United States Breastfeeding Committee and state health departments, and found 27 states have legislation related to breastfeeding in the workplace, and eight states have active MIFWD program. State laws and designation programs are important additions to federal legislation to support employees not covered by the ACA provision.
KeywordsLegislation Breastfeeding Working Promotion Public policy Health U.S.
American Academy of Pediatrics
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010
Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938
Mother/Infant Friendly Worksite Designations
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
United States Breastfeeding Committee
World Health Organization
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