Vaping among youth and young adults: a “red alert” state
The use of e-cigarettes, otherwise known as ‘vaping’, has been increasing at alarming rates among youth and young adults. Although the long-term harms of vaping are still unclear, emerging evidence brings to light potential risks associated with vaping, especially for youth and non-smokers. This paper discusses nine viable policy measures that could limit the appeal of vaping products to youth and young adults and, in turn, reduce the potential harms of vaping.
KeywordsE-cigarettes Health warnings Nicotine Tobacco control
- 1.Health Canada. About vaping. In: Smoking, vaping, and tobacco. Government of Canada. 2018. https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/smoking-tobacco/vaping.html. Accessed 5 July 2019.
- 3.National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US) Office on Smoking and Health. Youth and tobacco use. In: Smoking & tobacco use. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/youth_data/tobacco_use/index.htm. Accessed 5 July 2019.
- 4.Health Canada. Detailed tables for the Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey 2016–2017. In: Health data. Government of Canada. 2018. https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/canadian-student-tobacco-alcohol-drugs-survey/2016-2017-supplementary-tables.html#t6. Accessed 5 July 2019.
- 6.Ramamurthi D, Chau C, Jackler RK. JUUL and other stealth vaporisers: hiding the habit from parents and teachers. Tob Control. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 9.Proctor RN, Proctor R. Golden holocaust: origins of the cigarette catastrophe and the case for abolition. 1st ed. Oakland: Univ of California Press; 2011.Google Scholar
- 10.National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (US) Office on Smoking and Health. The health consequences of smoking—50 years of progress: a Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US); 2014.Google Scholar
- 17.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Outbreak of lung disease associated with e-cigarette use, or vaping. In: Smoking & tobacco use. 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/severe-lung-disease.html. Accessed 13 Sept 2019.
- 21.Schmelzle J, Rosser WW, Birtwhistle R. Update on pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies for smoking cessation. Can Fam Physician. 2008;54:994–9.Google Scholar
- 25.Ratneswaran C, Judge R, Colquhoun M, Steier J, Khong TK. S78 Electronic cigarette advertising impacts adversely on smoking behaviour within a London student cohort: a cross-sectional survey. Thorax. 2015;70:A46.Google Scholar
- 27.Sontag J, Manderski M, Hammond D, Wackowski OA. US young adults’ perceived effectiveness of draft pictorial e-cigarette warning labels. Tob Control. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 29.Al-Hamdani M. Plain packaging policy: Preventing industry innovations. C J Public Health. 2017;108:e100.Google Scholar