Gaps and barriers in interventions for the control of soil-transmitted helminthiasis among school-age children in an endemic area of the Philippines: a school-based point-of-view

  • Ryan V. LabanaEmail author
  • Vimar A. Romero
  • Analette M. Guinto
  • Alvin N. Caril
  • Kimberly D. Untalan
  • Alejandro Jose C. Reboa
  • Khristine L. Sandoval
  • Kristel Joy S. Cada
  • Gary Antonio C. Lirio
  • Iris Rowena A. Bernardo
  • Lanieleen Jerah Mae G. Arocha
  • Julieta Z. Dungca
Original Article


We used a qualitative cross-sectional study in 20 elementary schools in an area of Cagayan Valley, Philippines where soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) is endemic, to analyze the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats for three intervention components for STH control: mass drug administration (MDA), health education, and sanitation. School teachers and staff generally perceived MDA to be a well-delivered program, but opportunities exist to strengthen other control strategies: health education and school rules on hygiene and sanitation at school. Complete and consistent monitoring of program impact and the availability of up-to-date reports on prevalence of the infection can guide teachers’ efforts to promote interventions for STH elimination.


Albendazole Cagayan Valley Intestinal worms Mass drug administration Neglected tropical disease Soil-transmitted helminthiasis 



The research team thanks the Commission on Higher Education for funding this research through its K to 12 Transition Program Management Unit, under the Discovery Applied Research and Extension for Trans/Interdisciplinary Opportunities (DARE TO) Grant-in-Aid 2017 (Project Number: DARETO2-043). The authors extend heartfelt thanks to the people of Cagayan especially to the Pamplona mayor, Hon. Arnie Angelica Sampaga and Sanchez-Mira mayor, Hon. Asela Sacramed for giving us permission to conduct the study in their municipalities. We also thank all the school heads, teachers, parents, and the health practitioners in Pamplona Rural Health Unit for allowing us to use their facilities during on site detection of parasites.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Limited 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan V. Labana
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vimar A. Romero
    • 1
  • Analette M. Guinto
    • 1
  • Alvin N. Caril
    • 1
  • Kimberly D. Untalan
    • 1
  • Alejandro Jose C. Reboa
    • 1
  • Khristine L. Sandoval
    • 2
  • Kristel Joy S. Cada
    • 2
    • 6
  • Gary Antonio C. Lirio
    • 3
  • Iris Rowena A. Bernardo
    • 4
  • Lanieleen Jerah Mae G. Arocha
    • 1
  • Julieta Z. Dungca
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Biology, College of SciencePolytechnic University of the PhilippinesManilaPhilippines
  2. 2.Graduate SchoolCentro Escolar UniversityManilaPhilippines
  3. 3.Center for Life Sciences Research, Institute of Science and Technology ResearchPolytechnic University of the PhilippinesManilaPhilippines
  4. 4.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, College of SciencePolytechnic University of the PhilippinesManilaPhilippines
  5. 5.School of Science and TechnologyCentro Escolar UniversityManilaPhilippines
  6. 6.Biology Department, College of Arts and SciencesNew Era UniversityQuezon CityPhilippines

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