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Economic correlates of populist attitudes: an analysis of nine european countries in the aftermath of the great recession

  • Guillem Rico
  • Eva Anduiza
Original Article

Abstract

This paper analyzes individuals’ adoption of populist attitudes in nine European countries in the wake of the Great Recession. We assess the consequences of three different, interrelated aspects of economic hardship that are expected to foster the development of populist attitudes at the individual level: vulnerability, grievances, and perceptions of the national economic situation. Using comparative survey data, we find effects of all three of these individual aspects. Our analysis suggests that the main explanation for populist attitudes is neither the vulnerability nor the economic hardship suffered by the people, but rather the perceptions that citizens have about the economic situation in their country. Using panel data from Spain, we address concerns about the presence of endogeneity in the relationship between economic perceptions and populism and conclude that the effect goes mostly from economic perceptions to populist attitudes, not the other way around.

Keywords

Populism Economic crisis Political attitudes Vulnerability Grievances Economic perceptions 

Supplementary material

41269_2017_68_MOESM1_ESM.docx (45 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 45 kb)

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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departament de Ciència Política i Dret PúblicUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBellaterraSpain

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