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URBAN DESIGN International

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 51–64 | Cite as

Linking urban design to sustainability: formal indicators of social urban sustainability field research in Perth, Western Australia

  • Sergio PortaEmail author
  • John Luciano Renne
Original Article

Abstract

The making of a livable urban community is a complex endeavor. For much of the 20th Century planners and engineers believed that modern and rational decision-making would create successful cities. Today, political leaders across the globe are considering ways to promote sustainable development and the concepts of New Urbanism are making their way from the drawing board to the ground. While much has changed in the world, the creation of a successful street is as much of an art today as it was in the 1960s.

Our work seeks to investigate ‘street life’ in cities as a crucial factor towards community success. What are the components of the neighborhood and street form that contributes to the richness of street life? To answer this question we rely on the literature. The aim of the Formal Indicators of Social Urban Sustainability study is to measure the formal components of a neighborhood and street that theorists have stated important in promoting sustainability. This paper will describe how this concept helps to bridge urban design and sustainability. It will describe the tool and show how this was applied in a comparative assessment of Joondalup and Fremantle, two urban centers in the Perth metropolitan area.

Keywords

sustainable street indicators social Australia 

References

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Further Reading

  1. Bosselmann, P. (1998) Representation of Places: Reality and Realism in City Design. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
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  4. Gehl, J. (1994) Public Spaces and Public Life in Perth. Perth: Report for the Government of Western Australia and the City of Perth.Google Scholar
  5. Gehl, J. and Gemzøe, L. (1996) Public Spaces Public Life. Copenhagen: Arkitektens Forlag.Google Scholar
  6. Gehl, J. and Gemzøe, L. (2000) New City Spaces. Copenhagen: The Danish Architectural Press.Google Scholar
  7. Jacobs, A. (1993) Great streets. Boston, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  8. Jacobs, A. and Bosselmann, P. IDS 241: best students works at Jacobs and Bosselmann's IDS 241 course, UCB Berkeley: Patel B., Chiao C.S., Jung Chin I. 1985. Memorable Street. December 1985; Hilken H., Nagle K., Rosenberg M., Sadik R. 1987. Memorable Residential Streets. Fall 1987; Bergdoll J., Williams R.W. 1988. A study of Perceived Density. Fall 1988; Gambetti F., Wolfe M., Broudehoux A.M. 1996. Elements of Street Memorability: a Study of Grant and Stockton Streets in san Francisco's Chinatown. Fall 1996.Google Scholar
  9. Southworth, M. and Ben-Joseph, E. (1997) Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  10. Ramati, R. (1981) How to Save your own Street. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
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  12. Whyte, W.H. (1980) The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces. Washington, DC: The Conservation Foundation.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan Ltd 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Progettazione dell'Architettura, Politecnico di Milano, Facoltà di Architettura CivileMilanoItaly
  2. 2.Planning and Transport Research Centre, Murdoch UniversityMurdochAustralia

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