Traditional settlements in east Vermion – Greece, environment and urban form
- 20 Downloads
The historical evolution and prosperity of the traditional communities analyzed in this paper is directly related to the broader geographical hinterland with the important surplus of agricultural produce that it offered. The sites of the towns were chosen to guarantee important environmental advantages; they were located on natural axes and in elevated positions dominating the immediate environs.
The various quarters made up the cells of the urban organism, in both the social and the ecological sense, constituting small residential units which corresponded to the geographical micro-environment.
The traditional town plan formed an organic whole into which were incorporated the systems of thoroughfares, the building blocks and plots, the built structures and open spaces. Even the unique features or monuments were discreetly incorporated into the whole. And all these elements were perfectly adapted to the special features of the environment (the rise and fall of the terrain, the streams, the orientation, etc).
All the variations on the traditional dwelling spring from a small number of basic types adapted to suit the environment (view, ground, ventilation, light and shade) and the urban context (free development, ribbon developed, etc). The finest of houses, the archontika, are sophisticated versions of the same typological dispositions. In their construction, the dwellings make the fullest use of the available local materials, and employ them in their natural state with the minimum of processing.
The transition from the traditional to the contemporary town has brought in its wake a pattern of devastation and distortion. Yet we can see today the first signs of a new policy of rehabilitating the traditional communities, not only for their cultural value, but also to restore their ecological integration into the geographical context, an approach which may prove to be the first step towards a contemporary environmental town planning.
Keywordsurban form thoroughfares traditional construction methods environment blocks of buildings urban fabric traditional quarters typology building plots
- Chrysopoulos, N. (1977) The vernacular houses of Veria in The Greek Vernacular House 2nd edn. Athens, EMP pp. 286–299 (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Eldem, S.H. (1968) Basic Plans of the Turkish House (in Turkish with English synopsis).Google Scholar
- Hadjimihali, A. (1949) La maison grecque in L'Hellenisme Contemporain pp. 169–190 250–256.Google Scholar
- Hionides, G. (1960) History of Veria, the Town and its Environs Vol. 1 Veria, Vol. 2 Thessaloniki (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Kalogirou, N. (1983) The Historic Centre of Veria City and Region, Vol. 8 pp. 115–138 (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Kalogirou, N. (1989) Veria. Athens, Melissa (in series Greek Traditional Architecture) (Greek and English edition).Google Scholar
- Kalogirou, N., Nomikos, M. (1985) Macedonian Naousa. From the autonomous community of the Turkish occupation to the modern Greek industrial city. Modern Greek City, Ottoman Heritage and Greek state, Proceedings of the International History Symposium, Athens, 1985 pp. 257–271 (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Kalogirou, N., Nomikos, M. (1986) La maison Sarafoglou á Veria en Macédoine: cadre urbain, évolution typologique et projet de réhabilitation, Revue des archéologues et historiens d'art de Louvain, XIX, 198–217.Google Scholar
- Kalogirou, N., Nomikos, M. (1989) Naoussa: dalla communita ottomana alla citta neoellenica, Storia Della Città, 46, pp. 47–54.Google Scholar
- Kalogirou, N., Nomikos, M., Palaskas, G. (1990) Design for Rehabilitation. A Methodology of Intervention in the Historic Settlements of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Technical Chamber of Greece-Macedonia Department, 120p (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Kalogirou, N., Nomikos, M. (1991) The urban space in Naousa: from communal autonomy to the beginnings of industrialization, Symposium: The Historical Course of Community Life in Macedonia, KITH, pp. 477–503 (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Moutsopoulos, N. (1967) Vernacular Architecture in Veria. Athens, TEE, Municipal Council of Veria, Veria, 2000.Google Scholar
- Stouyiannakis, E. (1924) History of the Town of Naousa. Edessa (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Stouyiannakis, E. (1932) The Macedonian Town of Edessa Through History. Thessaloniki (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Velenis, G., Zarkada, H., Pistiolis, A. (1993) Architectural documentation and re-creation of the Varosi quarter in Edessa, Academic Conference: New Towns Built on Old. Rhodes, pp. 537–552 (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Todorov, N. (1977) La Ville Balkanique Sous les Ottomans. Variorum Reprints, London.Google Scholar
- Todorov, N. (1986) The Balkan town from the 15th to the 19th century. Themelio, Athens (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Zachos, A. (1928) Ioannina, Epirot Chronicles, 3 295–306.Google Scholar
- Zarkada, H. (1988) The Varosi quarter in Edessa, Archaeology 26 (in Greek).Google Scholar
- Zarkada, H., Trakosopoulou, K. (1979) Conservation and regeneration of the Jewish quarter in Veria. Architectural Issues 13, 81–83 (in Greek).Google Scholar