Journal of the Operational Research Society

, Volume 58, Issue 8, pp 1109–1113 | Cite as

Philosophy for professionals: towards critical pragmatism

  • W Ulrich


  1. Apel KO (1972). The a priori of communication and the foundation of the humanities. Man and World 5: 3–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Apel KO (1980). Towards a Transformation of Philosophy. Routledge and Kegan Paul: London, new edition. Marquette University Press: Milwaukee, WI, 1998.Google Scholar
  3. Apel KO (1981). Charles S. Peirce: From Pragmatism to Pragmaticism. University of Massachusetts Press: Amherst, MA, new edition. Humanities Press: Atlantic Highlands, NJ, 1995.Google Scholar
  4. Churchman CW (1948). Theory of Experimental Inference. Macmillan: New York.Google Scholar
  5. Churchman CW (1979). The Systems Approach and Its Enemies. Basic Books: New York.Google Scholar
  6. Deegan MJ (1988). Jane Addams and the Men of the Chicago School, 1892–1918, paper back edition, 1990. Transaction Books: New Brunswick, NJ.Google Scholar
  7. Dewey J (1937). Logic: The Theory of Inquiry. Wiley: New York.Google Scholar
  8. Forester J (ed.) (1993). Critical Theory, Public Policy, and Planning Practice: Toward a Critical Pragmatism. State University of New York Press: Albany, NY.Google Scholar
  9. Haack S (1996). Pragmatism. In: Bunnin N and Tsui-James EP (Eds). The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy. Blackwell: Oxford, pp 643–661.Google Scholar
  10. Habermas J (1971). Knowledge and Human Interests. Beacon Press: Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  11. Habermas J (1990). Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action. Polity Press: Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  12. Habermas J (1993). Justification and Application: Remarks on Discourse Ethics. Polity Press: Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  13. Harris L (1999). The Critical Pragmatism of Alain Locke. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers: Lanham, MD.Google Scholar
  14. INFORMS. (2004). Operational Research: The Science of Better. Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences: Hanover, MD. Available online, or
  15. Jackson MC (1999). Towards coherent pluralism in management science. J Opl Res Soc 50: 12–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. James W (1907). Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking. Longman Green & Co: New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kuklick B (2003). A History of Philosophy in America: 1720–2003. Oxford University Press: New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Maxcy SJ (1991). Educational Leadership: A Critical Pragmatic Perspective. Bergin & Garvey: Westport, CT.Google Scholar
  19. Menand L (2001). The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America. Farrar, Straus and Giroux: New York.Google Scholar
  20. Mingers J (2000). The contribution of critical realism as an underpinning philosophy for OR/MS and systems. J Opl Res Soc 51: 1256–1270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Neurath O (1959). Protocol sentences. In: Ayer A.J. (Ed). Logical Positivism. Free Press: Glencoe, IL, pp. 199–208.Google Scholar
  22. Ormerod RJ (2006). The history and ideas of pragmatism. J Opl Res Soc 57: 892–909.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Peirce CS (1878). How to make our ideas clear. Popular Science Monthly 12: 161–181 Reprinted in Hartshorne C and Weiss P (eds) (1934). Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, Vol. V: Pragmatism and Pragmaticism. Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA, pp 411–437.Google Scholar
  24. Popper KR (1959). The Logic of Scientific Discovery. Hutchison: London.Google Scholar
  25. Rawls J (1971). A Theory of Justice. Belknap/Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  26. Schiller FCS (1907). Studies in Humanism. Macmillan: London and New York.Google Scholar
  27. Ulrich W (1996). Critical systems thinking for citizens. In: Flood RL and Romm NRA (Eds). Critical Systems Thinking: Current Research and Practice. Plenum: New York, pp. 165–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ulrich W (2001). The quest for competence in systemic research and practice. Syst Res Behav Sci 18: 3–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ulrich W (2004). The safe-harbour metaphor: A mistaken conception of professional competence. Ulrich's Bimonthly (November 2004). Available online,
  30. Ulrich W (2006). Critical pragmatism: A new approach to professional and business ethics. In: Zsolnai L. (Ed). Interdisciplinary Yearbook of Business Ethics Vol. I. Peter Lang: Oxford, UK and Bern, Switzerland, pp. 53–85.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan Ltd 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • W Ulrich
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.University of FribourgSwitzerland
  2. 2.The Open UniversityUK

Personalised recommendations