Journal of International Business Studies

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 445–460 | Cite as

A Critical Assessment of the Eclectic Theory of the Multinational Enterprise

  • Masahiko Itaki


The paper critically deals with the electric theory of the multinational enterprise. It examines, firstly, the theoretical redundancy of the ‘ownership advantage’; secondly, the inseparability of the ‘ownership advantage’ from the ‘location advantage’; thirdly, the conceptual ambiguity of the ‘location advantage’; and, lastly, possible methodological dangers of a multi-factor analysis under the three headings of the eclectic theory.


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Copyright information

© Academy of International Business 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masahiko Itaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Ritsumeikan University

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