Journal of International Business Studies

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 225–247 | Cite as

The U-Curve Adjustment Hypothesis Revisited: A Review and Theoretical Framework

  • J. Stewart Black
  • Mark Mendenhall


The cross-cultural adjustment research literature has largely been conducted from an atheoretical perspective. When a theoretical framework is imposed, the U-Curve adjustment theory has been the one most commonly used. The lack of a comprehensive review of the empirical literature on the U-Curve adjustment theory has allowed scholars to accept or dismiss the theory on grounds other than that of empirical evidence. This paper reviews the empirical literature and proposes a theoretical framework and research agenda for future research on cross-cultural adjustment.


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Copyright information

© Academy of International Business 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Stewart Black
    • 1
  • Mark Mendenhall
    • 2
  1. 1.Dartmouth College
  2. 2.University of Tennessee, Chattanooga

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