Journal of International Business Studies

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 467–491

The Transfer of Japanese-Style Management to American Subsidiaries: Constraints, and Competencies

  • Schon Beechler
  • John Zhuang Yang


This paper first reviews the theories of the transfer of Japanese management practices overseas. The paper then outlines a contingency theoretical model that specifies the factors which are hypothesized to impact the transfer of Japanese-style HRM practices to overseas subsidiaries. Qualitative data from a field study of ten Japanese subsidiaries in the U.S., five in the service industry and five in manufacturing, are used to illustrate the concepts presented in the theoretical discussion.


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Copyright information

© Academy of International Business 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Schon Beechler
    • 1
  • John Zhuang Yang
    • 2
  1. 1.Columbia University
  2. 2.Fordham University

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