Journal of International Business Studies

, Volume 34, Issue 6, pp 586–599 | Cite as

MNC knowledge transfer, subsidiary absorptive capacity, and HRM

  • D Minbaeva
  • T Pedersen
  • I Björkman
  • C F Fey
  • H J Park
Original Article


Based on a sample of 169 subsidiaries of multinational corporations (MNCs) operating in the USA, Russia, and Finland, this paper investigates the relationship between MNC subsidiary human resource management (HRM) practices, absorptive capacity, and knowledge transfer. First, we examine the relationship between the application of specific HRM practices and the level of the absorptive capacity. Second, we suggest that absorptive capacity should be conceptualized as being comprised of both employees' ability and motivation. Further, results indicate that both ability and motivation (absorptive capacity) are needed to facilitate the transfer of knowledge from other parts of the MNC.


knowledge transfer absorptive capacity HRM 


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Copyright information

© Academy of International Business 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • D Minbaeva
    • 1
  • T Pedersen
    • 1
  • I Björkman
    • 2
    • 3
  • C F Fey
    • 4
    • 5
  • H J Park
    • 6
  1. 1.Copenhagen Business SchoolDenmark
  2. 2.Swedish School of EconomicsHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.INSEAD Euro-Asia CentreFrance
  4. 4.Stockholm School of EconomicsSweden
  5. 5.Stockholm School of Economics in Saint PetersburgRussia
  6. 6.Cornell UniversityUSA

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