International Politics

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 37–49

Global Terrorism and Military Preemption: Policy Problems and Normative Perils

  • Charles W Kegley
  • Gregory A Raymond

DOI: 10.1057/palgrave.ip.8800064

Cite this article as:
Kegley, C. & Raymond, G. Int Polit (2004) 41: 37. doi:10.1057/palgrave.ip.8800064


The Bush administration has shifted from the six-decade US national security strategy of containment to one based on what is called forward deterrence. Consequently, the president now claims for the United States ‘the prerogative of using force preemptively and unilaterally, however its interests dictate’. This represents the most sweeping reformulation of US strategy in over half a century. The result, however, will only erode America's reputation and squander its ability to exercise leadership on pressing global issues.


preemption forward deterrence 9/11 George Bush 

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles W Kegley
    • 1
  • Gregory A Raymond
    • 2
  1. 1.Pearce Professor of International Relations, University of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Honors College, Boise State UniversityBoiseUSA

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