Corporate Social Responsibility in Mining in Southern Africa: Fair accountability or just greenwash?
- 145 Downloads
Ralph Hamann and Paul Kapelus argue that Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)-related narratives and practices can be fruitfully assessed with reference to accountability and fairness as key criteria. Brief case studies of mining in South Africa and Zambia suggest that there are still important gaps between mining companies’ CSR activities, on the one hand, and accountability and fairness, on the other. The conclusion is that companies’ CSR-related claims, and particularly the reference to a business case for voluntary initiatives, need to be treated with caution. CSR is not necessarily or only greenwash, but there is a need to engage business critically towards more sincere versions of CSR.
Keywordsbusiness case fairness labour rights South Africa Zambia
- Bezuidenhout A., D. Fig, R. Hamann and R. Omar (2003) ‘A Political Economy of Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility’, paper presented at the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development/Sociology of Work Unit conference on Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility in South Africa, Johannesburg, 22 May 2003.Google Scholar
- Bond P. (2001) Against Global Apartheid: South Africa meets the World Bank, IMF and International Finance. Cape Town: UCT Press.Google Scholar
- BPD (Business Partners for Development) (2002) Putting Partnering to Work: Tri-sector partnership results and recommendations (1998–2001), London: Business Partners For Development Also available online viahttp://www.bpdweb.org.
- BPD–NRC (Business Partners for Development–Natural Resources Cluster) (2002) Partnerships for Managing Social Issues in the Extractive Industries: Case study of local business development, Zambia, London: Business Partners for Development Also available online viahttp://www.bpd-naturalresources.org.
- Commission of Inquiry into Safety and Health in the Mining Industry (1995) Report of the Commission of Inquiry into Safety and Health in the Mining Industry. Available viahttp://asosh.org/History/Commissions/LeonReportVol1Oct03.pdf.
- CRC (Conflict Resolution Consortium) (2001) Rustenburg/Anglo Platinum Conflict Stabilisation Project, Rustenburg: Conflict Resolution Consortium.Google Scholar
- Driscoll C. and A. Crombie (2001) Stakeholder Legitimacy Management and the Qualified Good Neighbour: The case of Nova Nada and JDI. Business & Society, 40(4): 442–471.Google Scholar
- European Commission (2001) ‘Promoting a European Framework for Corporate Social Responsibility’, Green Paper. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.Google Scholar
- Flynn L. (1992) Studded with Diamonds and Paved with Gold: Miners, mining companies and human rights in Southern Africa, London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
- FoEI (Friends of the Earth International) GroundWork and CorpWatch (2002) Greenwash Awards. Pietermaritzburg: Groundwork.Google Scholar
- Hamann R. (2004) ‘Corporate Social Responsibility in Mining in South Africa’, PhD thesis submitted to the University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.Google Scholar
- Holliday C.O., S. Schmidheiny and P. Watts (2002) Walking the Talk, The Business Case for Sustainable Development, Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf Publishing.Google Scholar
- Kapelus P. and J. Carnegie (2001) ‘Business & Poverty: Integrating the sustainable livelihoods approach with corporate citizenship’, Unpublished document prepared for the Department for International Development, UK.Google Scholar
- Korten D. (2001) ‘The Responsibility of Business to the Whole’, in R. Starkey and R. Welford (eds.) The Earthscan Reader in Business & Sustainable Development, London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
- Mitchell N.J. (1989) The Generous Corporation: A political analysis of power, New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- MMSD (Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development) (2002) Breaking New Ground: The report of the Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development Project, May 2002, London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
- MMSD (Mining, Minerals, and Sustainable Development) & PWC (PriceWaterhouseCoopers) (2001) Mining and Minerals Sustainability Survey 2001, London: MMSD.Google Scholar
- Pallister D., S. Stewart and I. Lepper (1987) South Africa Inc.; The Oppenheimer Empire, Johannesburg: Media House Publications in association with Lowry Publishers.Google Scholar
- Plan Associates (2001) ‘Greater Rustenburg Informal Housing Strategy (compiled for the Housing Strategy Forum)’, unpublished document.Google Scholar
- Porter M. and C. van der Linde (1995) ‘Green and Competitive: Ending the stalemate’, Harvard Business Review 73(5): 120–134.Google Scholar
- Rawls J. (1999) A Theory of Justice (revised edition), Boston: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Richards A. (1939) Land, Labour and Diet in Northern Rhodesia, London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Rivas-Ducca G. (2002) Less Mining for a Better World. LINK, 101, London: Friends of the Earth International.Google Scholar
- Scoones I. (1998) ‘Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A framework for analysis’, IDS Working Paper No. 72. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies.Google Scholar
- Sonnenberg D. and M. Reichardt (2004) ‘Sustainability Reporting in South Africa: Emerging trends from the JSE socially responsible investment index’, unpublished manuscript prepared for the African Institute of Corporate Citizenship, Johannesburg, South Africa.Google Scholar
- Third World Network Africa (2001) Mining, Development, and Social Conflicts in Africa, Accra: Third World Network Africa.Google Scholar
- Trahar T. (2002) Presentation during a WSSD side event hosted by the WBCSD, Johannesburg, 31 August 2002.Google Scholar
- Uglow D.T. (2000) ‘Monitoring and Managing the Social Impacts of Mining: A livelihood approach’, paper presented at the Mineral Economics & Management Society Annual Meeting, Boulder, CO, 12–14 April 2000.Google Scholar
- Warhurst A. and L. Noronha (2000) (eds.) Environmental Policy in Mining: Corporate strategy and planning for closure, London: Lewis.Google Scholar
- WBCSD (World Business Council for Sustainable Development) (2000) Corporate Social Responsibility: Making good business sense, available viahttp://www.wbcsd.ch(last accessed October 2002).