Crime Prevention and Community Safety

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 85–96 | Cite as

Modelling Crime Flow between Neighbourhoods in Terms of Distance and of Intervening Opportunities

  • Henk Elffers
  • Danielle Reynald
  • Margit Averdijk
  • Wim Bernasco
  • Richard Block


Using data on solved crimes in The Hague, the Netherlands, we study crime trips between areas where offenders live and where they offend, in order to test the hypothesis that the number of criminal opportunities between two areas (“intervening opportunities”) influences the number of crime trips that take place between those areas. The findings are that, contrary to the hypothesis, simple geographical distance between two areas explains the number of crime trips between them better than various measures of intervening opportunities do.


intervening opportunities crime trips gravitational models 



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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan Ltd 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henk Elffers
    • 1
  • Danielle Reynald
    • 1
  • Margit Averdijk
    • 1
  • Wim Bernasco
    • 1
  • Richard Block
    • 2
  1. 1.The Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement NSCRLeidenthe Netherlands
  2. 2.Loyola University ChicagoChicagoUSA

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