Acta Politica

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 284–298 | Cite as

Experimenting with a Democratic Ideal: Deliberative Polling and Public Opinion

  • James S Fishkin
  • Robert C Luskin
Part III: Deliberation Among Citizens


The values of deliberation and political equality have proven hard to achieve simultaneously. Deliberative Polling, which embodies both, provides a useful window on deliberative democracy. The results, responding to ‘defeatist,’ ‘extenuationist,’ and ‘alarmist’ critiques, show that ordinary people can deliberate, that they benefit from doing so, and that the process neither biases nor polarizes their opinions.


Deliberative Polling deliberative democracy political equality informed opinion 


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan Ltd 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • James S Fishkin
    • 1
  • Robert C Luskin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of CommunicationStanford University, StanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of GovernmentTexas UniversityAustinUSA

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