Journal of Public Health Policy

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 300–310 | Cite as

Breast feeding: A time to craft new policies

Original Article


New studies of breastfeeding have discovered or confirmed the benefits to mother and child. They reinforce an emphasis on exclusive breastfeeding – no other food or fluids – during the first 6 months. Studies include findings from across the world, in well-resourced and poorly resourced settings. They also emphasize longer duration of breastfeeding, into the second year of life, and gradual rather than abrupt weaning. For HIV-infected mothers, the dangers of non-exclusive feeding in the first half year of life have been well documented in recent publications. Other studies open up the possibilities for antiretroviral treatment to accompany breastfeeding, whether given to the mother, or child, or both. To be effective, implementation of any recommendations must consider individual, family, and community resources.


breastfeeding HIV weaning exclusive antiretrovirals infant mortality 


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York Psychiatric InstituteNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of EpidemiologyMailman School of Public Health, Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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