On systematic reviews for evidence-based practice
Boell and Cecez-Kecmanovic’s paper has two parts: it compares systematic literature reviews (SLRs, often shortened to ‘systematic reviews’) with ‘traditional narrative literary reviews’, and then critically evaluates some IS papers whose authors claim they had undertaken an SLR or systematic review.
SLRs are an important tool for evidence-based practice (EBP). When researchers produce an SLR they search for all the previous relevant and sound research on their topic of interest, and synthesise the findings from the many studies unearthed, in order to inform the decision making of practitioners and other stakeholders. EBP and the use of SLRs is well developed in the health-care field. One definition from that field is (Sackett et al, 2000) ‘Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values’. It combines relevant research that has been conducted using sound methodology with clinical experience, education and skills and...
I gratefully acknowledge the help of Dr. Sue Childs, Northumbria University, for her useful material on the development of evidence-based practice in medicine and other disciplines.
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Resource list – URLs for cited evidence-based practice collaborations and networks:
- Alliance for Useful Evidence: [WWW document] http://www.alliance4usefulevidence.org/.
- Campbell Collaboration: [WWW document] http://WWW.campbellcollaboration.org/.
- Center for Evidence-Based Management (CEBMa): [www document] http://www.cebma.org/.
- Evidence Based Software Engineering (EBSE): [WWW document] http://community.dur.ac.uk/ebse/.
- Evidence Network: [WWW document] http://www.kcl.ac.uk/sspp/departments/politicaleconomy/research/cep/network/index.aspx.
- Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre (EPPI-Centre): [WWW document] http://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/cms/.
- UK Government ‘What Works Network’: [WWW document] https://www.gov.uk/what-works-network).Google Scholar