Journal of International Business Studies

, Volume 46, Issue 9, pp 1099–1118 | Cite as

Cultural intelligence: A theory-based, short form measure

  • David C ThomasEmail author
  • Yuan Liao
  • Zeynep Aycan
  • Jean-Luc Cerdin
  • Andre A Pekerti
  • Elizabeth C Ravlin
  • Günter K Stahl
  • Mila B Lazarova
  • Henry Fock
  • Denni Arli
  • Miriam Moeller
  • Tyler G Okimoto
  • Fons van de Vijver


This article reports the development and validation of a theory-based, short form measure of cultural intelligence (SFCQ). The SFCQ captures the original theoretical intent of a multifaceted culture general form of intelligence that is related to effective intercultural interactions. The validity of the scale is established with 3526 participants in five language groups from around the world. Results provide evidence for construct and criterion-related validity of the measure, and indicate that cultural intelligence is a single latent factor reflected in three intermediate facets. In support of construct validity the measure is modestly related to but distinct from emotional intelligence and personality and correlates positively with several indicators of multicultural experience. With regard to criterion-related validity, it relates as predicted to several dimensions of intercultural effectiveness. Implications for the measurement and understanding of culture and the influence of culture on management practice are discussed.


cross-cultural management culture construct development and evaluation cross-cultural research/measurement issues 



This research was supported by grants from the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada and from the Australian School of Business, University of New South Wales.


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Copyright information

© Academy of International Business 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • David C Thomas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuan Liao
    • 2
  • Zeynep Aycan
    • 3
  • Jean-Luc Cerdin
    • 4
  • Andre A Pekerti
    • 5
  • Elizabeth C Ravlin
    • 6
  • Günter K Stahl
    • 7
  • Mila B Lazarova
    • 1
  • Henry Fock
    • 8
  • Denni Arli
    • 9
  • Miriam Moeller
    • 5
  • Tyler G Okimoto
    • 5
  • Fons van de Vijver
    • 10
    • 11
    • 12
  1. 1.Beedie School of Business, Simon Fraser UniversityVancouverCanada
  2. 2.IESE Business SchoolBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Psychology & Faculty of ManagementKoç UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Human Resource Management, ESSEC Business SchoolCergy-PontoiseFrance
  5. 5.UQ Business School, The University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  6. 6.Darla Moore School of Business, University of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  7. 7.WU Vienna University of Economics and BusinessViennaAustria
  8. 8.Department of MarketingHong Kong Baptist UniversityKowloonChina
  9. 9.Department of MarketingGriffith UniversityBrisbaneAustralia
  10. 10.Department of Culture StudiesTilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands
  11. 11.Work-Well Unit, North-West UniversityPotchefstroomSouth Africa
  12. 12.School of Psychology, University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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