Almeida, P. 1996. Knowledge sourcing by foreign multinationals: Patent citation analysis in the US semi-conductor industry. Strategic Management Journal, 17 (Winter): 155–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bandera, V. N., & White, J. T. 1968. US direct investments and domestic markets in Europe. Economia Internazionale, 21 (February): 117–133.Google Scholar
Behrman, J. N., & Grosse, R. 1990. International business and governments. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press.Google Scholar
Blair, M. M. 1995. Ownership and control: Rethinking corporate governance for the 21st century. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
Booz Allen Hamilton. 1997. Cross border alliances in the age of collaboration. Los Angeles, CA: Booz Allen Hamilton.
Brainard, S. L. 1993. A simple theory of multinational corporations and trade with a trade-off between proximity and concentration. NBER Working Paper No. 4269, February, Cambridge, MA.
Braunerhjelm, P., & Svensson, R. 1995. Host country characteristics and agglomeration in foreign direct investment. Industrial Institute for EC and Social Research (mimeo), October, Stockholm.
Cantwell, J., & Harding, R. 1997. The internationalization of German companies' R&D. Discussion Paper in International Investment and Management No. 233, University of Reading.
Caves, R. 1982 & 1996. Multinational firms and economic analysis. (1st and 2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Dalton, D. H., & Serapio, M. G. 1995. Globalizing industrial research and development. US Department of Commerce, Office of Technology Policy, Washington, DC: US Department of Commerce.
David, P. 1984. High technology centers and the economics of locational tournaments. Stanford, CA: Stanford University (mimeo).Google Scholar
Davidson, W. 1970. The location of foreign direct investment activity: Country characteristics and experience effects. Journal of International Business Studies, 11 (2): 9–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, D. R., & Weinstein, D. E. 1997. Economic geography and regional production structure: An empirical investigation. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper Series No. 6093 (July).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Donahue, J. D. 1997. Disunited states. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Dunning, J. H. 1993. Multinational enterprises and the global economy. Wokingham, UK and Reading, MA: Addison Wesley.Google Scholar
Dunning, J. H. 1995. What's wrong – and right – with trade theory. International Trade Journal, 9 (2): 153–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dunning, J. H. 1996. The geographical sources of competitiveness of firms: Some results of a new survey. Transnational Corporations, 5 (3): 1–30.Google Scholar
Dunning, J. H. 1997a. Alliance capitalism and global business. London and New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dunning, J. H. (Ed.), 1997b. Governments, globalization and international business. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Dunning, J. H. 1997c. The European internal market program and inbound foreign direct investment. Journal of Common Market Studies, 35 (1 and 2): 1–30 and 189–223.Google Scholar
Dunning, J. H. 1998. The changing geography of foreign direct investment. In N. Kumar (Ed.), Internationalization, foreign direct investment and technology transfer: Impact and prospects for developing countries. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Edvinsson, L. 1997. Intellectual capital development. Stockholm: Skandia.Google Scholar
Ethier, W. J. 1986. The multinational firm. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 101: 806–833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Florida, R. 1995. Towards the learning region. Futures, 27 (5): 527–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fujita, M., & Thisse, J. R. 1996. Economics of agglomeration. Discussion Paper No. 430, Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University, Kyoto.
Grabher, G. (Ed.). 1993. The embedded firm. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Grossman, G. M., & Helpman, E. 1991. Innovation und growth in the global economy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Hagedoorn, J. 1996. Trends and patterns in strategic technology partnering since the early seventies. Review of Industrial Organization, 11: 601–616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Handy, C. 1989. The age of unreason. London: Hutchinson.Google Scholar
Hatem, F. 1997. International investment: Towards the year 2001. Geneva: United Nations.Google Scholar
Helpman, E., & Krugman, P. R. 1985. Market structure and foreign trade. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Horstman, I. J., & Markusen, J. R. 1992. Endogenous market structures in international trade. Journal of International Economics, 32: 109–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johanson, J., & Vahlne, J. E. 1977. The internationalization process of the firm – A model of knowledge development and increasing market commitments. Journal of International Business Studies, 8: 23–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kogut, B. 1983. Foreign direct investment as a sequential process. In C. P. Kindleberger & D. Audretsch (Eds), The multinational corporation in the 1980s. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Kogut, B. 1985. Designing global strategies: Corporate and competitive value added chains. Sloan Management Review, 25: 15–28.Google Scholar
Krugman, P. R. (Ed.). 1986. Strategic trade policy and the new international economics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Krugman, P. R. 1991. Geography and trade. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Krugman, P. R. 1993. On the relationship between trade theory and location theory. Review of International Economics, 1 (2): 110–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuemmerle, W. 1996. The drivers of foreign direct investment into research and development: An empirical investigation. Working Paper No. 96:062, Harvard Business School, Boston.
Lipsey, R. G. 1997. Globalization and national government policies: An economist's view. In J. H. Dunning (Ed.), Governments, globalization and international business. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Liu, S. X. 1998. Foreign direct investment and the multinational enterprise. A re-examination using signaling theory. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing.Google Scholar
Loree, D. W., & Guisinger, S. E. 1995. Policy and nonpolicy determinants of US equity foreign direct investment. Journal of international Business Studies, 26 (2): 281–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Malmberg, A., Slovell, O., & Zander, I. 1996. Spatial clustering, local accumulation of knowledge and firm competitiveness. Geografiska Annaler Series B, Human Geography, 78 (2): 85–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Markusen, A. 1996. Sticky places in slippery space: A typology of industrial districts. Economic Geography, 72 (3): 293–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Markusen, J. R. 1995. The boundaries of multinational enterprises and the theory of international trade. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9 (2): 169–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Markusen, J. R., & Venables, A. 1995. Multinational firms and the new trade theory. NBER Working Paper No. 5036, February, Cambridge, MA.
Maskell, P. 1996. Local embeddedness and patterns of international specialization. Copenhagen: Copenhagen Business School (mimeo).
Mataloni, R., & Fahim-Nader, M. 1996. Operations of US multinational companies: Preliminary results from the 1994 benchmark survey. Survey of Current Business, 76 (12): 11–37.Google Scholar
Meyer, K. 1998. Direct investment in economies in transition. Cheltenham, UK and Lyme, US: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
Mytelka, L. K. 1996. Locational tournaments, strategic partnerships and the state. Ottawa: Carleton University (mimeo).
Ohlin, B. 1933. Inter-regional and international trade. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, revised edition 1967.Google Scholar
Ohmae, K. 1995. The end of the nation state: The rise of regional economies. London: Harper.Google Scholar
Papanastassiou, M., & Pearce, R. 1997. Technology sourcing and the strategic role of manufacturing subsidiaries in the UK: Local competences and global competitiveness. Management International Review, 37 (1): 5–26.Google Scholar
Peck, F. W. 1996. Regional development and the production of space: The role of infrastructure in the attraction of new inward investment. Environment and Planning, 28: 327–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Porter, M. E. 1990. The competitive advantage of nations. New York: The Free Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Porter, M. E. 1994. The role of location in competition. Journal of Economics of Business, 1 (1): 35–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Porter, M. E. 1996. Competitive advantage, agglomerative economies and regional policy. International Regional Science Review, 19 (1 and 2): 85–94.Google Scholar
Rees, D., & McLean, T. 1997. Trends in location choice. In A. Jolly (Ed.), European business handbook 1997. London: Kogan Page (for CBI).Google Scholar
Ruigrok, W., & Van Tulder, R. 1995. The logic of international restructuring. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Scaperlanda, A., & Mauer, L. J. 1969. The determinants of US direct investment in the EEC. American Economic Review, 59 (September): 558–568.Google Scholar
Scott, A. J. 1996. Regional motors of the global economy. Futures, 28 (5): 391–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shan, W., & Song, J. 1997. Foreign direct investment and the sourcing of technological advantage: Evidence from the biotechnology industry. Journal of International Business Studies, 28 (2): 267–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Srinivasan, K., & Mody, A. 1997. Location determinants of foreign direct investment: An empirical analysis of US and Japanese investment. Canadian Journal of Economics, 31 (4): 778–799.Google Scholar
Stewart, T. A. 1997. Intellectual capital. London: Nicholas Bradley.Google Scholar
Storper, M. 1995. The resurgence of region economies: Ten years later: The region as a nexus of untraded interdependencies. European Urban and Regional Studies, 2 (3): 191–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Storper, M., & Scott, A. J. 1995. The wealth of regions. Futures, 27 (5): 505–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, J. 1993. An analysis of the factors determining the geographical distribution of Japanese manufacturing investment in the UK, 1984–91. Urban Studies, 30 (7): 1209–1224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
UNCTC. 1988. Transnational corporations and world development. New York: UN.
UNCTAD. 1995. World investment report 1995: Transnational corporations and competitiveness. New York and Geneva: UN.
UNCTAD. 1996a. World investment report 1996: Transnational corporations, investment, trade and international policy arrangements. New York and Geneva: UN.
UNCTAD. 1996b. Incentives and foreign direct investment. Geneva and New York: UN.
UNCTAD. 1997. World investment report 1997: Transnational corporations, market structure and competition policy. Geneva and New York: UN.
US Department of Commerce. 1997. US international sales and purchases of private services. Survey of Current Business, 77 (10): 95–138.
Vernon, R. 1966. International investment and international trade in the product cycle. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 80: 190–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vernon, R. 1974. The location of economic activity. In J. H. Dunning (Ed.), Economic analysis and the multinational enterprise. London: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
Wells, L. T. (Ed.), 1972. The product life cycle and international trade. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Wesson, T. J. 1993. An alternative motivation for foreign direct investment. Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University.
Wheeler, K., & Mody, A. 1992. International investment and location decisions: The case of US firms. Journal of International Economics, 33: 57–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wood, A. 1993. Give Heckscher and Ohlin a chance. Sussex: University of Sussex, Institute of Development Studies (mimeo).
World Bank. 1997. World development report: The state in a changing world. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.