Journal of International Business Studies

, Volume 39, Issue 8, pp 1343–1358

Cross-cultural variations in climate for autonomy, stress and organizational productivity relationships: A comparison of Chinese and UK manufacturing organizations

  • Giles Hirst
  • Pawan Budhwar
  • Brian K Cooper
  • Michael West
  • Chen Long
  • Xu Chongyuan
  • Helen Shipton


Cross-cultural researchers have questioned the extent to which European–American management practices can be transported to major markets in Asia, such as the People's Republic of China. Applying employee involvement theory, we examined the relationships between climate for autonomy, work demands climate, employee stress and organizational productivity in a cross-national study of 51 UK and 104 Chinese manufacturing organizations. We predicted and found that climate for autonomy was positively and negatively related to stress in the Chinese and UK contexts, respectively. The interaction of climate for autonomy and work demands climate was significant: climate for autonomy was positively related to organizational productivity only when work demands climate was low.


cross-cultural research/measurement issues Asia multilevel analysis productivity organizational climate 


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Copyright information

© Academy of International Business 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giles Hirst
    • 1
  • Pawan Budhwar
    • 2
  • Brian K Cooper
    • 1
  • Michael West
    • 2
  • Chen Long
    • 3
  • Xu Chongyuan
    • 4
  • Helen Shipton
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ManagementFaculty of Business Economics, Monash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Aston Business School, Aston UniversityBirminghamUK
  3. 3.Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Jiangsu Wuxi Economic Development ZoneWuxi New DistrictChina

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