IMF Staff Papers

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 511–540 | Cite as

Global Rebalancing with Gravity: Measuring the Burden of Adjustment

  • Robert Dekle
  • Jonathan Eaton
  • Samuel Kortum


This paper uses a 42-country model of production and trade to assess the implications of eliminating current account imbalances for relative wages, relative GDPs, real wages, and real absorption. How much relative GDPs need to change depends on flexibility of two forms: factor mobility and adjustment in sourcing of imports, with more flexibility requiring less change. At the extreme, U.S. GDP falls by 30 percent relative to the world's. Because of the pervasiveness of nontraded goods, however, most domestic prices move in parallel with relative GDP, so that changes in real GDP are small.

JEL Classifications

F30 F31 F12 


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Copyright information

© International Monetary Fund 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Dekle
  • Jonathan Eaton
  • Samuel Kortum

There are no affiliations available

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