Higher Education Policy

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 225–244 | Cite as

GATS and Higher Education: State of Play of the Liberalization Commitments

  • Antoni Verger


Higher education is the education level under the most pressure to be internationally liberalized. Currently, the main global instrument to achieve this liberalization goal is the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) of the World Trade Organization. In this paper, the process of trade liberalization of higher education in the GATS framework is examined. The analysis is divided into two main parts. First, the state of the current situation of higher education liberalization and that of other education sectors are reviewed and compared. Second, the factors that influence the undertaking of liberalization commitments on education, specifically higher education, are analyzed. To make these comparative analyses, EduGATS, a novel index to measure the degree of liberalization of educational services, is introduced.


GATS WTO liberalization privatization higher education 


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antoni Verger
    • 1
  1. 1.AMIDSt-Amsterdam Institute for Metropolitan and International Development Studies, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130AmsterdamThe Netherlands

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