Advertisement

French Politics

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 345–363 | Cite as

Leadership and style in the French Fifth Republic: Nicolas Sarkozy's presidency in historical and cultural perspective

  • John Gaffney
Research Article

Abstract

This article contributes to the body of the developing theoretical research in leadership and presidential studies by adding analysis of what I have termed ‘comportmental style’ as a factor in leader/follower relations. Within institutionalism and the wider structure/agency debate in political science, one of the challenges as regards the study of leadership is to identify factors that offer scope to or else militate against leaders’ performance. The comportmental style of Nicolas Sarkozy (President of the French Republic 2007–2012), deployed in the context of the – changing – institution of the presidency, was a major factor in his extreme unpopularity, and contributed to his defeat in 2012. What this tells us about the nature of the changing French presidency and the role of style will be discussed in the conclusion.

Keywords

France presidency Sarkozy style institutionalism 

References

  1. Anderson, B. (2006) Imagined Communities. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  2. Ariès, P. (2005) Misère du Sarkozysme. Mesnil-sur-l’Estrée: Parangon/Vs.Google Scholar
  3. Aristotle (1991) The Art of Rhetoric. London: Penguin Classics.Google Scholar
  4. Austin, J.L. (1975) How to Do Things with Words. Oxford: Clarendon Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Badiou, A. (2008) The Meaning of Sarkozy. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  6. Baxter, J. (ed.) (2006) Speaking Out: The Female Voice in Public Context. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bell, D.S. (2000) Presidential Power in Fifth Republic France. Oxford: Berg.Google Scholar
  8. Berstein, S. (2002) Histoire du gaullisme. Sarthe, France: Perrin.Google Scholar
  9. Cerny, P. (1980) The Politics of Grandeur. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Cahuc, P. and Zylberberg, A. (2010) Les réformes ratées du Président Sarkozy. Paris: Champsactuel.Google Scholar
  11. Cole, A. (2012) Sarkozy's political leadership and the institutions of the Fifth Republic. In: G. Raymond (ed.) The Sarkozy Presidency. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  12. De Gaulle, C. (1954) Mémoires. Paris: Plon.Google Scholar
  13. Duhamel, A. (2009) La Marche Consulaire. Paris: Plon.Google Scholar
  14. Duhamel, O. (2003) Le Pouvoir Politique en France. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  15. Duverger, M. (1963) La Cinquième République. Paris: PUF.Google Scholar
  16. Elgie, R. (1995) Political Leadership in Liberal Democracies. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Elgie, R. (2011) Semi-presidentialism: Sub-types and Democratic Performance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Esser, F. and Pfetsch, B. (2004) Comparing Political Communication. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gaffney, J. (2001) Imagined relationships: Political leadership in contemporary democracies. Parliamentary Affairs 54 (1): 120–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gaffney, J. (2003) The French fifth republic as an opportunity structure: A neo-institutional and cultural approach to the study of leadership politics. Political Studies 51 (4): 686–705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gaffney, J. (2012) Political Leadership in France: from Charles de Gaulle to Nicolas Sarkozy. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  22. Gaffney, J. and Holmes, D. (eds.) (2011) Stardom in Post-war France. Oxford: Berghahn.Google Scholar
  23. Garrigues, J. (2012) Les Hommes Providentiels: Histoire d’une fascination française. Paris: Seuil.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Geertz, C. (1980) Negara. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Gerstlé, J. and Abel, F. (2011) Mediatisation de l’économie et fabrication de la popularité du président Français (2007-2010). Revue Francaise de Science Politique 61 (2): 249–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Graham, B.D. (1993) Representation and Party Politics: A Comparative Perspective. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  27. Grint, K. (2010) Leadership: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hall Jamieson, K. (1988) Eloquence in an Electronic Age: The Transformation of Political Speechmaking. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Hanley, D. (2013) Political leadership from the Fourth to the Fifth Republic. In: D. Bell and J. Gaffney (eds.) The Presidents of the French Fifth Republic. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  30. Hafez, S. (2008) La Sarkose obsessionelle. Paris: Hachette.Google Scholar
  31. Haslam, S., Reicher, S. and Platow, M. (2011) The New Psychology of Leadership. Hove, UK: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
  32. Hay, C. (2008) Constructivist institutionalism. In: R.A.W. Rhodes, S. Binder and B.A. Rockman (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 56–74.Google Scholar
  33. Helms, L. (2005) Presidents, Prime Ministers and Chancellors: Executive Leadership in Western Democracies. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Helms, L. (ed.) (2012) Poor Leadership and Bad Governance. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hewlett, N. (2011) The Sarkozy Phenomenon. Exeter, UK: Societas.Google Scholar
  36. Hayward, J. (2012) ‘Hyperpresidentialism’ and the Fifth Republic state imperative. In: D. Bell and J. Gaffney (eds.) The Presidents of the French Fifth Republic. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  37. Kohrs Campbell, K. and Hall Jamieson, K. (2010) Presidents Creating the Presidency: Deeds Done in Words. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  38. Lacouture, J. (1985) De Gaulle, (3 vols). Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  39. Lambron, M. (2006) Mignonne allons voir. Paris: Grasset.Google Scholar
  40. Lambron, M. (2008) Eh bien, dansez maintenant. Paris: Grasset.Google Scholar
  41. Maigret, R. (2008) L’Hyperprésident. Paris: Colin.Google Scholar
  42. March, J.G and Olsen, J.P. (1984) The new institutionalism: Organizational factors in political life. Americal Political Science Review 78 (3): 734–749.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Nay, C. (2007) Un Pouvoir Nommé Désir. Paris: Grasset.Google Scholar
  44. Neumann, L. (2012) Les dessous de la campagne. Paris: Fayard.Google Scholar
  45. Ottenheimer, G. (2007) Le Sacré de Nicolas. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  46. Pierce, R. (1995) Choosing the Chief: Presidential Elections in France and the United States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Portelli, S. (2009) Le Sarkozysme sans Sarkozy. Paris: Grasset.Google Scholar
  48. Pouvoirs 99. (2001) La nouvelle Ve République. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  49. Rayski, B. (2010) L’Homme que vous aimez hair. Paris: Grasset.Google Scholar
  50. Rémond, R. (1983) Le Retour du Général. Brussels: Editions Complexe.Google Scholar
  51. Revel, J-F. (1988) Le Style du Général (1959). Brussels: Editions Complexe.Google Scholar
  52. t'Hart, P. and Rhodes, R. (2013) The Oxford Handbook of Political Leadership. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  53. Tenzer, N. (1998) La face cachée du gaullisme. Paris: Hachette.Google Scholar
  54. Theakston, K. (2012) Winston Churchill. Colchester: Shire Publications.Google Scholar
  55. Thompson, M., Ellis, R. and Wildavsky, A. (1990) Cultural Theory. Boulder, CO: Westview.Google Scholar
  56. Touchard, J. (1978) Le Gaullisme 1940-1969. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  57. Windt, T. and Ingold, B. (1992) Essays in Presidential Rhetoric. Dubuque, IA: Kendall.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Gaffney
    • 1
  1. 1.Politics and International Relations, Aston UniversityBirminghamUK

Personalised recommendations