The European Journal of Development Research

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 175–183 | Cite as

Hybrid Governance Arrangements

Original Article

Abstract

In this article we address a recent tendency in development policies to engage actors beyond the nation-state, such as corporations, NGOs and other less formalized and local authorities. Many scholars have started questioning, at both the empirical and analytical level, the distinction between state and non-state actors, especially in the context of the governance of natural resources and security. Here, drawing from our case studies in Kingston (Jamaica) and Nairobi (Kenya), where security is provided, respectively, by gangs and by a residents’ policing organization, we attempt to understand the mutual entanglement of these actors through the concept of hybrid governance arrangements. We suggest that the added value of the hybridity approach lies exactly in the blurring of lines between the different actors involved.

Keywords

hybrid governance security gangs community policing Kingston Nairobi 

Abstract

Dans cet article, on aborde une question récente dans les politiques en matière de développement, c’est à dire l’engagement de ces politiques avec des acteurs au-delà des états-nations, tels que les sociétés, les ONG, et d’autres autorités locales moins formalisées. Les chercheurs en développement mettent en cause la distinction (empirique et analytique) entre l’état et d’autres acteurs hors de l’état dans les procès de gouvernance, en plusieurs matières et régions. A travers de deux études, l’un a Kingston (Jamaïque) et l’autre à Nairobi (Kenya), où les services de sécurité sont fournis respectivement par des bandes et par une association de résidents en charge de l’ordre, nous cherchons à comprendre le enchevêtrement de ces acteurs à travers le concept des ‘dispositions de gouvernance hybrides’. On suggère que la valeur ajoutée de cet approche hybride est tout à fait due au brouillage des démarcations entre les acteurs y impliqués.

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Copyright information

© European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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