The European Journal of Development Research

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 921–942 | Cite as

Poverty and Ethnicity among Black South Africans

  • Carlos Gradin
Original Article
  • 43 Downloads

Abstract

This article investigated inequalities across the major black ethnic groups in South Africa, accounting for 80 per cent of the country’s population. We have demonstrated that there is an important ethnic gap in the poverty levels and flows of the Xhosa and the Zulu with respect to the Sotho/Tswana. We have also shown that these gaps are largely associated with the former groups having an accumulation of disadvantages in location, demographic structure, education and labour market outcomes. The analysis of the evolution that occurred after the end of apartheid shows that the gap might have increased, especially in the case of the Zulu.

Keywords

poverty ethnicity South Africa Xhosa Zulu Sotho/Tswana 

Abstract

Cet article s’intéresse aux inégalités entre les principales ethnies noires en Afrique du Sud, qui regroupent 80 per cent de la population du pays. Nous montrons qu’il existe un fossé important entre les niveaux de pauvreté des Xhosa et des Zulu par rapport aux Sotho et Tswana. Nous montrons également que ce fossé est largement lié au fait que les deux premiers groupes cumulent les désavantages en terme de location, de structure démographique, de scolarisation et de conditions de travail. L’analyse de l’évolution qui s’est opérée après la fin de l’apartheid montre que ce fossé s’est agrandi, en particulier en ce qui concerne les Zulu.

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Copyright information

© European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Gradin
    • 1
  1. 1.University of VigoVigoSpain

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