The European Journal of Development Research

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 99–121 | Cite as

Impacts of a Micro-Enterprise Clustering Programme on Firm Performance in Ghana

  • Jörg Peters
  • Maximiliane Sievert
  • Christoph Strupat
Original Article


Widely considered an important backbone of economies in developing countries, micro- and small enterprises face several growth constraints. The creation of industrial zones (IZs) with improved access to infrastructure and secure land tenure is a potential remedy to promote local economic development. We assess the effects of an intervention on business performance indicators that establishes IZs for micro-enterprises in Ghana based on firm-level data on 227 enterprises. The results show that the establishment of IZs leads to the creation of new firms, but for existing firms that relocated to the IZs the effects on firm performance are negative.


project evaluation firm clustering micro-enterprises 


Considérées comme la pierre de voute de l’économie des pays en développement, les micro et petites entreprises font face à plusieurs contraintes quant à leur croissance. La création de zones industrielles (ZI) permet un meilleur accès à l’infrastructure et à une propriété foncière sécurisée, et est un remède potentiel pour promouvoir le développement économique local. Nous évaluons les effets d’une intervention sur les indicateurs de performance commerciale ; l’intervention consiste à établir une ZI pour les micro-entreprises au Ghana, et les données sont collectées auprès de 227 entreprises. Les résultats montrent que la mise en place de ZI entraîne la création de nouvelles entreprises mais que l’impact est négatif sur la perfomance des entreprises existantes qui se sont déplaçées sur la ZI.



We thank Sven Neelsen, Colin Vance and Christoph M. Schmidt for valuable comments. Financial support of the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO) is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jörg Peters
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maximiliane Sievert
    • 1
  • Christoph Strupat
    • 3
  1. 1.Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI)EssenGermany
  2. 2.AMERU, University of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa
  3. 3.University of Duisburg, EssenGermany

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