Who Takes Advanced Placement (AP)?
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This paper provides an analysis of who takes Advanced Placement (AP) Economics. We find large differences in enrollment in AP Economics across groups. Specifically, African-American and Hispanic students and students from low-income backgrounds are about half as likely to be enrolled in AP Economics as other students. However, once we control for prior academic achievement in Geometry, African-American and Hispanic students are overrepresented relative to whites and the difference between low-income and other students is reduced significantly. Female students are overrepresented relative to males, and Asian students are overrepresented relative to whites — this latter effect is large.
Keywordsachievement gaps advanced placement access
JEL ClassificationsA13 A21 I24
We thank Ross Guest and seminar participants at the 2012 National Conference on Teaching Economics and Research in Economic Education in Boston, the 2012 American Economic Association meetings in Chicago, and the 2011 American Economic Association meetings in Denver for helpful comments. All remaining errors are ours.
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