Eastern Economic Journal

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 248–269 | Cite as

The Role of Non-standard Work Status in Parental Caregiving for Young Children

  • Rachel Connelly
  • Jean Kimmel


This paper uses data from the American Time Use Survey to examine the effect of the timing of parents’ daily work schedules on their caregiving time on weekdays. Since the timing of employment is a choice, the decision to work non-standard hours is modeled jointly with caregiving. We find that high-wage non-standard mothers provide more caregiving than lower-wage non-standard mothers, while caregiving time performed by standard-time working mothers is not responsive to their wages. For fathers, caregiving is shown to be strongly related to marital status, the age of his children and the presence of other adults in the household.


time diaries childcare gender differences in time use non-standard work time 

JEL Classifications

J22 J13 



The authors thank Suzanne Bianchi, Joyce Jacobsen, Liana Sayer and three anonymous referees from this journal. The paper was part of a larger project funded in part by the W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.


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Copyright information

© Eastern Economic Association 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rachel Connelly
    • 1
  • Jean Kimmel
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsBowdoin CollegeBrunswickUSA
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsWestern Michigan University

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