Radical Ecological Democracy: A path forward for India and beyond
- 128 Downloads
The search is on for sustainable and equitable alternatives to the dominant economic development model, and the emerging concept and practice of ‘radical ecological democracy’ can contribute to this search. This new framework places the goals of direct democracy, local and bioregional economies, cultural diversity, human well-being, and ecological resilience at the core of its vision. It arises from the myriad grassroots initiatives that have sprung up in India and other parts of the world. Although efforts to amplify and spread such a paradigm face the enormous challenge of overcoming the resistance of entrenched institutions and mindsets, current practice suggests opportunities for making progress. Ultimately, the wide embrace of radical ecological democracy will require the spread of the core values underlying the framework, a transition guided not only by hard-headed rationality but also by a strong ethical and emotional foundation.
Keywordsdemocracy localism sustainability direct democracy participatory democracy Great Transition
- Acosta, Alberto (2013) ‘Extractivism and Neoextractivism: Two sides of the same curse’, in Miriam Lang and Dunia Mokrani (eds.) Beyond Development: Alternative visions from Latin America, pp. 61–86, Quito: Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, and Amsterdam: Transnational Institute.Google Scholar
- Alexander, Samuel (2014) ‘Post-growth Economics: A paradigm shift in progress’, Post-carbon Pathways Working Paper Series 2/14, Melbourne: Melbourne Sustainable Society Group, University of Melbourne, http://www.postcarbonpathways.net.au/2014/02/07/post-growth-economics-a-paradigm-shift-in-progress/, accessed 1 July 2014.
- Bakshi, Rajni (2009) Bazaars, Conversations and Freedom: For a market culture beyond greed and fear. Delhi: Penguin.Google Scholar
- Brockington, Dan (2002) Fortress Conservation. The preservation of the mkomazi game reserve. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
- Dowie, Mark (2009) Conservation Refugees: The hundred-year conflict between global conservation and native peoples. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
- Falk, Richard and Andrew Strauss (2000) ‘On the Creation of a Global Peoples Assembly: Legitimacy and the power of popular sovereignty’, Stanford Journal of International Law 36 (2): 191–220.Google Scholar
- Hasnat, Syed (2005) ‘Arvari Sansad: The farmers’ parliament’, LEISA Magazine, December, http://www.agriculturesnetwork.org/magazines/global/practice-and-policy/arvari-sansad, accessed 1 July 2014.
- Jones, Andy, Michel Pimbert and Janice Jiggins (2011) Virtuous Cycles: Values, systems and sustainability. London: International Institute for Environment and Development and Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy.Google Scholar
- Kalpavriksh (2013) Globalisation in India: Impacts and alternatives, Pune: Kalpavriksh, http://www.kalpavriksh.org/images/CLN/Globalisation%20Brochure.pdf, accessed 1 July 2014.
- Kelly, Marjorie (2012) Owning Our Future: The emerging ownership revolution. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.Google Scholar
- Korten, David (2013) Agenda for a New Economy: From phantom wealth to real wealth. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.Google Scholar
- Kothari, Ashish (2014) ‘Decoding Manifestos: What they say about the things that really matter’, India Together, 16 April, http://indiatogether.org/comparison-of-congress-bjp-aap-manifestos-government, accessed 1 July 2014.
- Kothari, Ashish and Aseem Shrivastava (2012) Churning the Earth: The making of global india. Delhi: Penguin.Google Scholar
- Kothari, Ashish and Aseem Shrivastava (2013) ‘Economists on the Wrong Foot’, Economic and Political Weekly 43, no. 33, August, http://www.epw.in/web-exclusives/economists-wrong-foot.html, accessed 1 July 2014.
- Levins, Richard (2008) Talking About Trees: Science, ecology and agriculture in Cuba. New Delhi: LeftWord.Google Scholar
- Muhlberger, Steve (1998) ‘Democracy in Ancient India’, World History of Democracy, 8 February, http://www.nipissingu.ca/department/history/muhlberger/histdem/indiadem.htm, accessed 1 July 2014.
- New Economics Foundation (2009) National Accounts of Well-being: Bringing real wealth onto the balance sheet, London: New Economics Foundation, www.nationalaccountsofwellbeing.org, accessed 1 July 2014.
- Nickels, Scott, Chris Furgal, Mark Buell and Heather Moquin (2005) Unikkaaqatigiit – Putting the human face on climate change: Perspectives from inuit in Canada. Ottawa: Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, Nasivvik Centre for Inuit Health and Changing Environments at Université Laval and the Ajunnginiq Centre at the National Aboriginal Health Organization.Google Scholar
- Prada, Raúl (2013) ‘Buen Vivir as a Model for State and Economy’, in Miriam Lang and Dunia Mokrani (eds.) Beyond Development: Alternative visions from Latin America, Quito: Rosa Luxemburg Foundation and Transnational Institute, 145–158.Google Scholar
- Pulsford, Ian, Gary Howling, Rob Dunn and Rosemary Crane (2013) ‘Great Eastern Ranges Initiative: A continental-scale lifeline connecting people and nature’, in James Fitzsimmons, Ian Pulsford and Geoff Wescott (eds.) Linking Australian Landscapes: Lessons and opportunities from large-scale conservation networks. Collingwood: CSIRO.Google Scholar
- Raskin, Paul (2012) ‘Scenes from the Great Transition’, Solutions 3, no. 4, pp. 11–17, http://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/node/1140, accessed 1 July 2014.
- Roper, Brian (2013) The History of Democracy: A marxist interpretation. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
- Singh, Simron Jit, Fridolin Krausmann, Simone Gingrich, Helmut Haberl and Karl-Heinz Erb (2008) ‘India’s Biophysical Economy, 1961–2008: Sustainability in a national and global context’, Ecological Economics 76: 60–69, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/50921800912000456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- TEBTEBBA Foundation (2008) Indicators Relevant for Indigenous Peoples: A resource book, Baguio, Philippines: TEBTEBBA Foundation, http://ilcasia.files.wordpress.com/2010/09/indicators-resource-book1.pdf, accessed 1 July 2014.
- United National Environment Programme and International Labour Office (2008) Green Jobs: Towards decent work in a sustainable, low carbon world, Nairobi: UNEP, http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@ed_emp/@emp_ent/documents/publication/wcms_158727.pdf, accessed 1 July 2014.