, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 219–223 | Cite as

Crime and Insurgent Citizenship: Extra-state rule and belonging in urban Jamaica

  • Rivke Jaffe
Local/Global Encounters


Through an analysis of the ‘don’ system in Jamaica, Rivke Jaffe explores alternatives concepts of citizenships. She argues that new definitions of belonging to a political community, and the rights and responsibilities associated with these memberships, can take shape within a shifting spatial logic of government and ambiguous frames of legitimacy and morality. She calls for a deeper focus on the role of sovereigns that stand outside the state, yet may function as legitimate sources of citizenship rights, meanings and practices.


‘dons’ citizen action formal state criminal organizations insurgent mobilizitations 


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Copyright information

© Society for International Development 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rivke Jaffe

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