Beyond the ‘Green Economy’: System change, not climate change?
The ‘green economy’ project claims to address the social, economic and ecological crises afflicting the world today, yet there appears to be too little elite consensus for it to be viable in the near future. Nicola Bullard and Tadzio Müller suggest that this absence of elite consensus renders the counter-hegemonic ‘climate justice’ project similarly weak, leading to a retreat from the global sphere of the (emerging) global climate justice movement. Yet on the ground there are strong and dynamic climate justice movements whose main challenge is to broaden their struggle beyond their current base and to create their own ‘globality’.
KeywordsCopenhagen COP 17 ecology economy social crisis globality UNFCCC
- Bullard, Nicola (2012) ‘Global South’, in Helmut Anheier and Mark Juergensmeyer (eds.) Encyclopedia of Global Studies, USA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (2009) ‘Der Grüne Neue Gesellschaftsvertrag (Green Party election programme)’, Available at http://www.gruene-partei.de/cms/files/dokbin/295/295495.wahlprogramm_komplett_2009.pdf, accessed 17 November 2011.
- Camp for Climate Action (2011) ‘Metamorphosis: A statement from the camp for climate action’, Available at http://climatecamp.org.uk/2011-statement, accessed 17 November 2011.
- Candeias, Mario (2011) ‘Szenarien einer grünen Transformation’, Presentation delivered at a conference in Berlin. Available at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=erdTD_vOzbI.
- Climate Justice Now! (2007) ‘What's missing from the climate talks? Justice!’, Available at http://www.climate-justice-now.org/about-cjn/history/bali-cjn-founding-presse-release/, accessed 17 November 2011.
- De Marcellus, Olivier (2006) ‘Biggest victory yet over WTO and “free” trade. Celebrate it!’, Available at http://interactivist.autonomedia.org/node/5349, accessed 5 January 2012.
- Financial Times (2008) ‘The rescue of Bear Sterns marks liberalisation's limit’, 26 March.Google Scholar
- Friedman, Thomas (2008) Hot, Flat and Crowded: Why the world needs a green revolution – and how we can renew our future, London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
- Fücks, Ralf and Kristina Steenbock (2007) ‘Die Große Transformation. Kann die ökologische Wende des Kapitalismus gelingen?’, Böll Thema, 1: 63. Available at http://www.böll.de.Google Scholar
- Graeber, David (2011) ‘Occupy Wall Street rediscovers the radical imagination’, The Guardian, 25 September 2011. Available at http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/cifamerica/2011/sep/25/occupy-wall-street-protest.
- Green New Deal Group (2008) A New Green Deal, London: NEF.Google Scholar
- Gudynas, Eduardo (2010) ‘The new extractivism in South America’, Available at http://americas.irc-online.org/pdf/reports/1001theses.pdf, accessed 17 November 2011.
- Hardt, Michael and Antonio Negri (2000) Empire, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Jessop, Bob (1990) State Theory: Putting capitalist states in their place, Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- Klein, Naomi (2004) ‘Reclaiming the Commons’, in Tom Mertes (ed.) A Movement of Movements: Is another world really possible?, London, New York: Verso.Google Scholar
- Mertes, Tom (ed.) (2004) A Movement of Movements: Is another world really possible?, London, New York: Verso.Google Scholar
- Mueller, Tadzio (2010) ‘From Copenhagen to Cochabamba – Caminamos Preguntando 2.0?’, Available at, http://notesfrombelow.wordpress.com/2010/05/17/from-copenhagen-to-cochabamba-caminamos-preguntando-2-0/, accessed 17 November 2011.
- Notes from Nowhere Collective (eds.) (2003) We Are Everywhere – The irresistible rise of global anticapitalism, London and New York: Verso, accessed 17 November 2011.Google Scholar
- Poulantzas, Nicos (1978) State, Power, Socialism, London: NLB.Google Scholar
- Rachman, Gideon (2011) ‘Is Globalization on the Retreat?’, Financial Times, 4 November.Google Scholar
- Reuters (2011) ‘US Carbon Emissions Jumped Nearly 4 percent in 2010’, 19 August, http://planetark.org/enviro-news/item/62991, accessed 17 November 2011.
- Schick, Gerhard (2011) ‘Warum der Green New Deal eine Antwort auf die europäische Schuldenkrise ist’, Green Party discussion paper. Available at http://www.gruene.de/fileadmin/user_upload/Dokumente/Green-New-Deal_Antwort_Schuldenkrise_Gerhard-Schick.pdf.
- Sen, Jai and Peter Waterman (eds.) (2004) Challenging Empires, New Delhi: The Viveka Foundation.Google Scholar
- Sklair, Leslie (2000) ‘The Transnational Capitalist Class and the Discourse of Globalization’, Cambridge Review of International Affairs xiv: 1.Google Scholar
- Stern, Nicholas (2008) ‘Upside of a downturn’, Available at www.ft.com/climatechangeseries, accessed 17 November 2011.
- Turbulence Collective (2009) ‘Life in Limbo?’, Turbulence 5. Available at http://turbulence.org.uk/turbulence-5/life-in-limbo/, accessed 17 November 2011.