Crime Prevention and Community Safety

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 233–248 | Cite as

Crime concentration theory

  • Graham Farrell
Original Article


A range of concepts and lexicon of terms denote crime’s tendency to concentrate. The most established are repeat offending, repeat and near repeat victimization, geographical hotspots, and hot products. Complementary terms include hot dots, hot places, hot targets, super-targets, risky facilities, risky routes, crime sprees and spates. This study charts the relationships, offers a potentially unifying concept and examines the causal mechanisms by which crime becomes concentrated. It is concluded that further effort to integrate concepts and explanations relating to concentrations of crime may provide insights useful to theory, policy and practice.


crime concentration repeat victimization hot products hotspots near repeats event linkage analysis 


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham Farrell
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Criminal Justice Studies, School of Law, University of LeedsLeedsUK

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