Crime Prevention and Community Safety

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 87–104 | Cite as

Surviving in the shadows of war: Polyvictimised children in post-conflict Angola

  • Bankole Cole
  • Maureen Maxwell
  • Adelino Chipaca
Original Article


This article reports on findings from a preliminary study that aims to ascertain the extent to which a group of 30 15–17-year-old Angolan juvenile suspects are polyvictims, as defined by Finkelhor and colleagues, and the degree to which their victimisation might be attributed to the aftermath of the country’s civil war. Analysis of their victimisation identified the majority as being polyvictims. Research into the context of victimisation revealed their neighbourhoods as being of primary importance. Findings confirm a direct link between these children’s victimisation and Angola’s war history. The article concludes that Angolan authorities need to adopt a psychosocial approach to dealing with the traumatic experiences of these children and their social development.


polyvictimisation Angola neighbourhoods psychosocial approaches trauma 


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bankole Cole
    • 1
  • Maureen Maxwell
    • 2
  • Adelino Chipaca
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Social Sciences and LanguagesThe University of Northumbria at NewcastleNewcastle-upon-TyneUK
  2. 2.School of Social and Political SciencesUniversity of LincolnLincolnUK
  3. 3.Jurisconsult, LuandaAngola

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