Advertisement

Comparative European Politics

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 237–247 | Cite as

National models of immigrant integration: The costs for comparative research

  • Christophe Bertossi
  • Jan Willem Duyvendak
Introduction

National models of integration are omnipresent in public and political discourses about how Western European immigration countries address the presence and integration of immigrants and minority groups. That France is viewed as a ‘republican’ country, the Netherlands and Britain as ‘multicultural’ and Germany as an ‘ethno-national’ country, is something that has structured most of the public analyses and political debates within these countries. Models are conceived of as ‘national traditions’, ‘legacies’, sometimes ‘sanctuaries’, by a variety of actors involved in the policymaking and the politics of integration, ranging from civil servants, policymakers, opinion leaders and the media. This, however, changed in the early twenty-first century, models now being seen as a burden to the integration of immigrants. This reaction was directed at the Dutch and British multicultural politics in the 2000s and 2010s. This did not, however, alter the conventional political wisdom that views the...

References

  1. Austin, J.L. (1962) How To Do Things with Words: The William James Lectures delivered at Harvard University in 1955. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  2. Beckford, J., Joly, D. and Khosrokhavar, F. (2005) Muslims in Prison: Change and Challenge in Britain and France. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave-Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bertossi, C. (2011) National models of integration in Europe: A comparative and critical perspective. American Behavioral Scientist 55 (12): 1541–1561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bertossi, C. and Prud'homme, D. (2011) La ‘diversité’ à l’hôpital. Identités sociales et discriminations raciales dans une institution française, Typescript.Google Scholar
  5. Bertossi, C. and Wihtol de Wenden, C. (2007) Les couleurs du drapeau : l’armée française face aux discriminations. Paris, France: Robert Laffont.Google Scholar
  6. Bleich, E. (2003) Race Politics in France and Britain: Ideas and Policymaking since the 1960s. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boltanski, L. and Thévenot, L. (1991) De la justification. Les économies de la grandeur. Paris, France: Gallimard, 1976.Google Scholar
  8. Bowen, J. (2007) A view from France on the internal complexity of national models. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 33 (6): 1003–1016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brubaker, R. (1992) Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Cameron, D. (2011) PM's speech at munich security conference. Munich, 5 February, MA, http://www.number10.gov.uk/news/pms-speech-at-munich-security-conference/, accessed 1 December 2011.
  11. Eisenberg, E. (1984) Ambiguïty as strategy in organizational communication. Communication Monographs 51 (3): 227–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Favell, A. (1998) Philosophies of Integration: Immigration and the Idea of Citizenship in France and Britain. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave-Macmillan.Google Scholar
  13. Goodwin, J. and Jasper, J. (eds.) (2011) Contention in Context. Political Opportunities and the Emergence of Protest. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Guiraudon, V. (2006) L’intégration des immigrés ou la politique de l’esquive. Réformer sans changer de modèle? In: P. Culpepper, P. Hall and B. Palier (eds.) La France en mutation, 1980-2005. Paris, France: Presses de Sciences Po.Google Scholar
  15. Joppke, C. (2007) Transformation of immigrant integration in Western Europe: Civic integration and antidiscrimination in the Netherlands, France, and Germany. World Politics 59 (2): 243–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Joppke, C. (2009a) Limits of integration policy: Britain and her Muslims. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 25 (3): 453–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Joppke, C. (2009b) Veil: Mirror of Identity. Cambridge, UK: Polity.Google Scholar
  18. Koopmans, R. (2010) Trade-off between equality and difference: Immigrant integration, multiculturalism and the welfare state in cross-national perspective. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 36 (1): 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Koopmans, R. and Statham, P. (2005) Multiculturalisme, citoyenneté et conflits culturels: le défi posé par les revendications des groupes musulmans en Grande-Bretagne et aux Pays-Bas. In: L. Arnaud (ed.) Les minorités ethniques dans l’Union européenne. Paris, France: La découverte.Google Scholar
  20. Koopmans, R., Statham, P., Guigni, M. and Passy, F. (2005) Contested Citizenship: Immigration and Cultural Diversity in Europe. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  21. Lamont, M. (2000) The Dignity of Men. Morality and Boundaries of Race, and Immigration. Cambridge, New York: Harvard University Press, Russell Sage Foundation Books.Google Scholar
  22. Leitch, S. and Davenport, S. (2007) Strategic ambiguity as a discourse practice: The role of keywords in the discourse on ‘sustainable’ biotechnology. Discourse Studies 9 (1): 43–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Libération. (2011) Sarkozy estime que le multiculturalisme est un ‘échec’. 11 February.Google Scholar
  24. Lijphart, A. (1968) The Politics of Accommodation: Pluralism and Democracy in the Netherlands. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  25. Lipsky, M. (1980) Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services. New York: Russel Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  26. Mathieu, L. (2000) Rapport au politique, dimensions cognitives et perspectives pragmatiques dans l’analyse des mouvements sociaux. Revue française de science politique 52 (1): 75–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Schain, M. (2008) The Politics of Immigration in France, Britain and the United States: A Comparative Study. New York: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sniderman, P. and Hagendoorn, L. (2007) When Ways of Life Collide: Multiculturalism and Its Discontents in the Netherlands. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Vertovec, S. and Wessendorf, S. (eds.) (2009) The Multiculturalism Backlash: European Discourses, Policies, and Practices. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  30. Wallace Goodman, S. (2010) Questioning national models: Empirical change and measurement issues. Perspectives on Europe 40 (2): 47–50.Google Scholar
  31. Walzer, M. (1983) Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IFRIParisFrance
  2. 2.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations