American Journal of Cultural Sociology

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 97–149 | Cite as

How a literary work becomes a classic: The case of One Hundred Years of Solitude

  • Alvaro Santana-Acuña
Original Article


If meanings are so contested and changeable, how can individuals reach a collective agreement about what makes some cultural objects meaningful over time and across space? And how can social scientists construe robust interpretations of cultural objects whose meanings are shifting and malleable? These questions are pertinent to literary classics, whose meanings relentlessly change, and yet people living in different countries and historical periods collectively agree about their significance. This article argues that a literary work can become a classic when it transcends its original context of production and its contents are progressively appropriated by actors and organizations that had no share in their production. Using the case of One Hundred Years of Solitude, this article, first, studies 10 ways in which that novel transcended its original context and, second, documents the appropriation of some of its contents in 56 countries between 1967 and 2013. To contribute to more robust interpretations of meaningful cultural objects with shifting meanings, this article offers four patterns (lived experience, universalization, artistic commensuration and entrenched criticism) involved in the collective fabrication of the value of One Hundred Years of Solitude as a literary classic.


classics literature transcendence appropriation meaningfulness 



I am indebted to Mario Santana, Filiz Garip, Mariano Siskind and especially Michèle Lamont for their advice on this article. Earlier versions benefited from helpful comments of anonymous reviewers and participants at the Harvard Cultural Analysis Workshop, the Evaluation Practices in Art Worlds workshop at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung, the Center for Cultural Sociology Conference at Yale University, the Eighteenth International Conference of Europeanists-Council for European Studies (Barcelona) and the Sociology Seminar Series at the University of Edinburgh. For excellent comments on the latter version I thank Bart Bonikowski, Thomas Medvetz, Christopher Muller and Catherine Turco. Hsin-Chao Wu, Huan Jin and Wenping Xue provided assistance with Chinese data, Dong-Kyun Im with Korean and Shiori Yamada with Japanese. Finally I thank Jean-Marie Le Clézio, Orhan Pamuk and the late Carlos Fuentes, who kindly shared with me their views on how a literary work becomes a classic.

Supplementary material


  1. Alexander, J. (1988) The centrality of the classics. In: A. Giddens and J. Turner (eds.) Social Theory Today. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, pp. 11–57.Google Scholar
  2. Alexander, J. (2010) Iconic consciousness: The material feeling of meaning. Thesis Eleven 103 (1): 10–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alexander, J., Jacobs, R. and Smith, P. (eds.) (2012) Introduction: Cultural sociology today. In: The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Sociology. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 3–22.Google Scholar
  4. Allen, M. and Lincoln, A. (2004) Critical discourse and the cultural consecration of American films. Social Forces 82 (3): 871–894.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bange, P. (1986) Towards a pragmatic analysis of narratives in literature. Poetics 15 (1–2): 73–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bar-Hillel, Y. (1954) Indexical expressions. Mind 63 (251): 359–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Barcia, P. (2007) Cien años de soledad en la novela hispanoamericana. In: Real Academia Española (ed.) Cien años de soledad. Madrid and Mexico City: Real Academia Española, pp. 477–494.Google Scholar
  8. Bartmanski, D. (2012) How to become an iconic social thinker: The intellectual pursuits of Malinowski and Foucault. European Journal of Social Theory 15 (4): 427–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Baumann, S. (2001) Intellectualization and art world development: Film in the United States. American Sociological Review 66 (3): 404–426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Baumann, S. (2007) A general theory of artistic legitimation: How art worlds are like social movements. Poetics 35 (1): 47–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Baxandall, M. (1972) Painting and Experience in Fifteenth Century Italy: A Primer in the Social History of Pictorial Style. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  12. Becker, H. (1982) Art Worlds. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  13. Becker, H., Faulkner, R. and Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, B. (2006) Art from Start to Finish: Jazz, Painting, Writing, and Other Improvisations. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  14. Benedetti, M. (1969) 9 asedios a García Márquez. Santiago de Chile, Chile: Editorial Universitaria.Google Scholar
  15. Bennett, T. (2005) The historical universal: The role of cultural value in the historical sociology of Pierre Bourdieu. British Journal of Sociology 56 (1): 141–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bennett, T., Savage, M., Bortolaia Silva, E., Warde, A., Gayo-Cal, M. and Wright, D. (2009) Culture, Class, Distinction. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Berkers, P. (2009) Ethnic boundaries in national literary histories: Classification of ethnic minority fiction authors in American, Dutch and German anthologies and literary history books, 1978–2006. Poetics 37 (5–6): 419–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bevers, T. (2005) Cultural education and the canon: A comparative analysis of the content of secondary school exams for music and art in England, France, Germany, and the Netherlands, 1990–2004. Poetics 33 (5–6): 388–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Biernacki, R. (2012) Reinventing Evidence in Social Inquiry: Decoding Facts and Variables. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Bloom, H. (1994) The Western Canon: The Books and School of the Ages. New York: Harcourt Brace.Google Scholar
  21. Born, G. (2010) The social and the aesthetic: For a post-Bourdieuian theory of cultural production. Cultural Sociology 4 (2): 171–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Bourdieu, P. (1990) Les conditions sociales de la circulation internationale des idées. Cahiers d’histoire des littératures romanes 14 (1–2): 1–10.Google Scholar
  23. Bourdieu, P. (1992) Les règles de l'art: genèse et structure du champ littéraire. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  24. Bromberg, M. and Fine, G. (2002) Resurrecting the red: Pete Seeger and the purification of difficult reputations. Social Forces 80 (4): 1135–1155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Carrión de Fierro, F. (1993) José de la Cuadra, precursor del realismo mágico hispanoamericano. Quito, Ecuador: Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador.Google Scholar
  26. Casanova, P. (1999) La république mondiale des lettres. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  27. Chartier, R. (1996) Culture écrite et société: l'ordre des livres, XIVe-XVIIIe siècle. Paris: Albin Michel.Google Scholar
  28. Collins, R. (1981) On the microfoundations of macrosociology. American Journal of Sociology 86 (5): 984–1014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Collins, R. and Guillén, M. (2012) Mutual halo effects in cultural production: The case of modernist architecture. Theory and Society 41 (6): 527–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Corse, S. (1997) Nationalism and Literature: The Politics of Culture in Canada and the United States. Cambridge, MA and New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Corse, S. and Griffin, M. (1997) Cultural valorization and African American literary history: Reconstructing the canon. Sociological Forum 12 (2): 173–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Corse, S. and Westervelt, S. (2002) Gender and literary valorization: The awakening of a canonical novel. Sociological Perspectives 45 (2): 139–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. DeNora, T. (1995) Beethoven and the Construction of Genius: Musical Politics in Vienna, 1792–1803. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  34. DeNora, T. (2000) Music in Everyday Life. Cambridge, MA and New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. DeNora, T. (2006) Music as agency in Beethoven's Vienna. In: R. Eyerman and L. McCormick (eds.) Myth, Meaning, and Performance: Toward a New Cultural Sociology of the Arts. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers, pp. 103–119.Google Scholar
  36. DeVault, M. (1990) Novel readings: The social organization of interpretation. American Journal of Sociology 95 (4): 887–921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. DiMaggio, P. (1992) Cultural boundaries and structural change: The extension of the high culture model to theater, opera, and dance, 1900–1940. In: M. Lamont and M. Fournier (eds.) Cultivating Differences. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, pp. 21–57.Google Scholar
  38. Domínguez Rubio, F. (2012) The material production of the Spiral Jetty: A study of culture in the making. Cultural Sociology 6 (2): 143–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Donoso, J. (1972) Historia personal del Boom. Barcelona, Spain: Anagrama.Google Scholar
  40. Dowd, T., Liddle, K., Lupo, K. and Borden, A. (2002) Organizing the musical canon: The repertoires of major US symphony orchestras, 1842–1969. Poetics 30 (1–2): 35–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Eco, U. (1984) Semiotics and the Philosophy of Language. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Escarpit, R. (1986) Sociologie de la littérature. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  43. Espeland, W. and Stevens, M. (2003) Commensuration as a social process. Annual Review of Sociology 24: 313–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Evans, P. (1995) Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  45. Eyal, G. (2013) Spaces between fields. In: P. Gorski (ed.) Bourdieu and Historical Analysis. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp. 158–181.Google Scholar
  46. Fau, M. (1980) Gabriel García Márquez: An Annotated Bibliography, 1947–1979. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  47. Fau, M. and González, N. (1986) Bibliographic Guide to Gabriel García Márquez, 1979–1985. New York: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  48. Ferrer, C. (2012) Magic realism: The trajectory of a concept. In: M. Baptista Nunes, G.C. Peng, J. Roth, H. Weghorn and P. Isaías (eds.) Internet Applications and Research: Proceedings of the IADIS Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems; 17–23 July, Lisbon, Portugal. Lisbon: IADIS, pp. 45–52.Google Scholar
  49. Fine, G. (1996) Reputational entrepreneurs and the memory of incompetence: Melting supporters, partisan warriors, and images of President Harding. American Journal of Sociology 101 (5): 1159–1193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Fontdevila, J. (2010) Indexes, power, and netdoms: A multidimensional model of language in social action. Poetics 38 (6): 587–609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Foucault, M. (1980) L'archéologie du savoir. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  52. Fuente, E. (2007) The ‘new sociology of art’: Putting art back into social science approaches to the arts. Cultural Sociology 1 (3): 409–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Fuguet, A. and Gómez, S. (1996) McOndo. Barcelona, Spain: Grijalbo Mondadori.Google Scholar
  54. García Márquez, E. (2001) Tras las claves de Melquíades: Historia de Cien años de soledad. Bogotá, Colombia: Norma.Google Scholar
  55. García Márquez, G. and Vargas Llosa, M. (1968) La novela en América latina: diálogo. Lima, Peru: Universidad Nacional de Ingeniería.Google Scholar
  56. Garfinkel, H. (1967) Studies in Ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  57. Garfinkel, H. (2002) Ethnomethodology's Program: Working out Durkeim's Aphorism. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
  58. Gell, A. (1998) Art and Agency: An Anthropological Theory. Oxford and New York: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  59. Giddens, A. (1990) The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge, UK: Polity.Google Scholar
  60. Giorgi, A. (2010) About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  61. Godart, F. and White, H. (2010) Switchings under uncertainty: The coming and becoming of meanings. Poetics 38 (6): 567–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. González, N. (1994) Bibliographic Guide to Gabriel Garcia Márquez, 1986–1992. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  63. González, N. (2003) Bibliographic Guide to Gabriel Garcia Márquez, 1992–2002. Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
  64. González, N. (s.d.) Bibliographic guide to Gabriel García Márquez, 2002-on,, accessed 4 February 2013.
  65. Granovetter, M. (1985) Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology 91 (3): 481–510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Griswold, W. (1986) Renaissance Revivals: City Comedy and Revenge Tragedy in the London Theatre, 1576–1980. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  67. Griswold, W. (1987) The fabrication of meaning: Literary interpretation in the United States, Great Britain, and the West Indies. American Journal of Sociology 92 (5): 1077–1117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Griswold, W. (1993) Recent moves in the sociology of literature. Annual Review of Sociology 19: 455–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Guillory, J. (1993) Cultural Capital: The Problem of Literary Canon Formation. Chicago, IL and London: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Halász, L., Short, M. and Varga, A. (2002) A cross-cultural study of fictional and non-fictional text understanding. Poetics 30 (3): 195–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Hart, S. and Ouyang, W. (eds.) (2005) A Companion to Magical Realism. Woodbridge and Rochester: Tamesis.Google Scholar
  72. Haskell, F. (1980) Rediscoveries in Art: Some Aspects of Taste, Fashion, and Collecting in England and France. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  73. Heilbron, J. (1999) Towards a sociology of translation. European Journal of Social Theory 2 (4): 429–444.Google Scholar
  74. Heilbron, J. and Sapiro, G. (2002) La traduction littéraire, un objet sociologique. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 144: 3–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Heinich, N. (1990) De l'apparition de l''artiste' a l'invention des 'beaux-arts'. Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine 37 (1): 3–35.Google Scholar
  76. Heinich, N. (1991) La gloire de Van Gogh: essai d'anthropologie de l'admiration. Paris: Minuit.Google Scholar
  77. Hennion, A. (1993) La Passion musicale: une sociologie de la médiation. Paris: Edition Métailié.Google Scholar
  78. Hirsch, P. (1972) Processing fads and fashions: An organization-set analysis of cultural industry systems. American Journal of Sociology 77 (4): 639–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Iser, W. (1974) The Implied Reader: Patterns of Communication in Prose Fiction from Bunyan to Beckett. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  80. Janssen, S., Kuipers, G. and Verboord, M. (2008) Cultural globalization and arts journalism: The international orientation of arts and culture coverage in Dutch, French, German, and US newspapers, 1955–2005. American Sociological Review 73 (5): 719–740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Johnson, D. (1996) The rise of Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Toni Morrison. In: D. Lynch and W. Warner (eds.) Cultural Institutions of the Novel. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp. 129–156.Google Scholar
  82. Kerman, J. (1984) A few canonic variations. In: R. Von Hallberg (ed.) Canons. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, pp. 177–195.Google Scholar
  83. Lamont, M. (1987) How to become a dominant French philosopher: The case of Jacques Derrida. American Journal of Sociology 93 (3): 584–622.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Lamont, M. (1992) Money, Morals, and Manners: The Culture of the French and American Upper-Middle Class. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Lamont, M. (2009) How Professors Think: Inside the Curious World of Academic Judgment. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Lamont, M. (2012) Toward a comparative sociology of evaluative and valuation practices. Annual Review of Sociology 38: 201–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Lang, G. and Lang, K. (2001) Etched in Memory: The Building and Survival of Artistic Reputation. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  88. Lauter, P. (1991) Canons and Contexts. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  89. Levine, L. (1984) William Shakespeare and the American people: A study in cultural transformation. The American Historical Review 89 (1): 34–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Liebes, T. and Katz, E. (1990) The Export of Meaning: Cross-Cultural Readings of Dallas. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  91. Martin, G. (2009) Gabriel García Márquez: A Life. New York: Alfred Knopf.Google Scholar
  92. Mukherjee, A. (2010) ‘What is a classic?’: International literary criticism and the classic question. PMLA 125 (4): 1026–1042.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Pavel, T. (2003) La pensée du roman. Paris: Gallimard.Google Scholar
  94. Piazza, L. (1968) La mafia. Mexico: J. Mortiz.Google Scholar
  95. Peirce, C. (1965) Collected Papers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  96. Peterson, K. (2003) Discourse and display: The modern eye, entrepreneurship, and the cultural transformation of the patchwork quilt. Sociological Perspectives 46 (4): 461–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Peterson, R. (1997) Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  98. Popa, I. (2010) Traduire sous contraintes: littérature et communisme, 1947–1989. Paris: CNRS.Google Scholar
  99. Rama, A. and Vargas Llosa, M. (1974) García Márquez y la problemática de la novela. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Corregidor-Marcha.Google Scholar
  100. Reed, I. (2011) Interpretation and Social Knowledge: On the Use of Theory in the Human Sciences. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Reed, I. and Alexander, J. (eds.) (2009) Meaning and Method: The Cultural Approach to Sociology. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.Google Scholar
  102. Rodden, J. (2002) George Orwell: The Politics of Literary Reputation. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  103. Rodríguez Monegal, E. (1972) El boom de la novela latinoamericana. Caracas, Venezuela: Tiempo Nuevo.Google Scholar
  104. Rouncefield, M. and Tolmie, P. (2011) Ethnomethodology at Work. Farnham and Burlington, VT: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  105. Santana, M. (2000) Foreigners in the Homeland: The Spanish American New Novel in Spain, 1962–1974. Lewisburg, London and Cranbury: Bucknell University Press and Associated University Presses.Google Scholar
  106. Santana-Acuña, A. (2014) The Emergence of Novelty in Literature: The Case of One Hundred Years of Solitude. Cambridge, MA: Department of Sociology, Harvard University, Manuscript under review.Google Scholar
  107. Santoro, M. (2002) What is a 'cantautore?' Distinction and authorship in Italian (popular) music. Poetics 30 (1): 111–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Santoro, M. (2010) Constructing an artistic field as a political project: Lessons from La Scala. Poetics 38 (6): 534–554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Schmidt, S. (1991) Literary systems as self-organizing systems. In: E. Ibsch, D. Schram and G. Steen (eds.) Empirical Studies of Literature. Amsterdam, the Netherlands and Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, pp. 413–424.Google Scholar
  110. Schwartz, L. (1988) Creating Faulkner's Reputation: The Politics of Modern Literary Criticism. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press.Google Scholar
  111. Sewell, W. (2005) Logics of History: Social Theory and Social Transformation. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Shaw, D. (2010) The critical reception of García Márquez. In: P. Swanson (ed.). The Cambridge Companion to Gabriel García Márquez. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 25–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Shively, J. (1992) Cowboys and Indians: Perceptions of western films among American Indians and Anglos. American Sociological Review 57 (6): 725–734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Silverstein, M. (1976) Shifters, linguistic categories, and cultural description. In: K. Basso and H. Selby (eds.) Meaning in Anthropology. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, pp. 11–55.Google Scholar
  115. Silverstein, M. (2003) Indexical order and the dialectics of sociolinguistic life. Language & Communication 23 (3–4): 193–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Siskind, M. (2012) Magical realism. In: A. Quayson (ed.) The Cambridge History of Postcolonial Literature. vol. 2. Cambridge, MA and New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 833–868.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Smith, B. (1983) Contingencies of value. Critical Inquiry 10 (1): 1–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Tompkins, J. (1985) Sensational Designs: The Cultural Work of American Fiction, 1790–1860. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  119. Valdés, M. and Valdés, M. (1990) Approaches to Teaching García Márquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude. New York: Modern Language Association of America.Google Scholar
  120. van Rees, C.J. (1983) How a literacy work becomes a masterpiece: On the threefold selection practised by literary criticism. Poetics 12 (4–5): 397–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. van Venrooij, A. and Schmutz, V. (2010) The evaluation of popular music in the United States, Germany and the Netherlands: A comparison of the use of high art and popular aesthetic criteria. Cultural Sociology 4 (3): 395–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Vargas Llosa, M. (1971) García Márquez: historia de un deicidio. La Paz, Bolivia: Difusión Ltda.Google Scholar
  123. Verboord, M. and van Rees, K. (2009) Literary education curriculum and institutional contexts: Textbook content and teachers' textbook usage in Dutch literary education, 1968–2000. Poetics 37 (1): 74–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Weber, W. (1986) The rise of classical repertoire in nineteenth-century orchestral concerts. In: J. Peyser (ed.) The Orchestra: Origins and Transformations. New York: Scribner, pp. 361–386.Google Scholar
  125. White, C. and White, H. (1993 [1965]) Canvases and Careers: Institutional Change in the French Painting World. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  126. Williams, R.H. (1983) Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  127. Williams, R.L. (2010) An eco-critical reading of One Hundred Years of Solitude. In: P. Swanson The Cambridge Companion to Gabriel García Márquez. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 64–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Witkin, R. (1997) Constructing a sociology for an icon of aesthetic modernity: Olympia revisited. Sociological Theory 15 (2): 101–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Zamora, L. and Faris, W. (eds.) (1995) Magical Realism: Theory, History, Community. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  130. Zeng, L. (2009) Chinese interpretation of One Hundred Years of Solitude (in Chinese). Journal of Southwest University (Social Sciences Edition) 35 (2): 166–169.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alvaro Santana-Acuña
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations