Apidologie

, 42:192 | Cite as

Evaluation of colony losses in Israel in relation to the incidence of pathogens and pests

  • Victoria Soroker
  • Amots Hetzroni
  • Boris Yakobson
  • Dan David
  • Alina David
  • Hilary Voet
  • Yossi Slabezki
  • Haim Efrat
  • Shlomit Levski
  • Yossi Kamer
  • Etta Klinberg
  • Naama Zioni
  • Shani Inbar
  • Nor Chejanovsky
Original Article

Abstract

To evaluate symptoms, extent, and possible causes of colony decline and losses in Israel, we carried out (1) a survey of honeybee colony losses and potential causes via mail and phone; (2) systematic sampling of healthy and problematic beehives after requeening in the winter; (3) detection of Varroa and pathogens including, viruses and Nosema ceranae, by microbiological means and sensitive RT-PCR. From 58 beekeepers (46 000 colonies) interviewed, 40% complained of extensive colony loses during 2008. Examination and sampling for pests and pathogens of 113 hives in the winter of 2009 showed 35% of hives with Nosema and 21% with V. destructor. The most frequent viruses detected were Black Queen Cell Virus, Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus, and Deformed Wing Virus. A significant negative correlation was found between worker population in the hive and the presence of viral and Nosema infections.

Keywords

Apis mellifera Bee viruses Varroa Nosema 

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Copyright information

© INRA, DIB-AGIB and Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victoria Soroker
    • 1
  • Amots Hetzroni
    • 2
  • Boris Yakobson
    • 3
  • Dan David
    • 3
  • Alina David
    • 3
  • Hilary Voet
    • 4
  • Yossi Slabezki
    • 5
  • Haim Efrat
    • 5
  • Shlomit Levski
    • 1
  • Yossi Kamer
    • 1
  • Etta Klinberg
    • 1
  • Naama Zioni
    • 1
  • Shani Inbar
    • 1
  • Nor Chejanovsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Entomology, Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research OrganizationThe Volcani CenterBet DaganIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Sensing, Information and Mechanization Engineering, Agricultural Research Organizationthe Volcani CenterBet DaganIsrael
  3. 3.The Kimron Veterinary InstituteBet DaganIsrael
  4. 4.Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment The Hebrew University of JerusalemRehovotIsrael
  5. 5.Extension Service Ministry of AgricultureBeit-DaganIsrael

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